Can we think about logic
Promote logical thinking
About the author
Jörg Sauer is a trained primary school teacher and has been teaching at a school for over 20 years. In addition to teaching, he has carried out numerous advanced training courses on the use of new media in the classroom in recent years.
by Jörg Sauer
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Logical thinking: Interesting backgroundsThe term “thinking” is understood to mean all processes that: “... try to form a knowledge.” (1) In doing so, we are mostly aware of the results of thinking. Depending on the situation, this takes place in different areas. This can be judgmental, focused on terms or objects, and primarily use acquired knowledge. Thinking: "... means productive when it creatively develops new knowledge." (2) If we summarize our thoughts internally, we call it "reflective" (3)
The word “logic” comes from the Greek and contains the: “doctrine of logicalness.” (4) It forms the basis of every precise thought. It was founded by the Greek philosopher and natural scientist Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC). The pure doctrine includes the: "... doctrine of concept, judgment and conclusion." (5) The first reflections on logic are already formulated in the Stoa. In the teaching, named after a painted columned hall on the Athens market square, a central focus is the holistic understanding of the world.
Logical thinking is one of the human cognitive abilities. This is understood to mean all processes of thought and perception. Logical thinking enables us to take in information and process it. In this way, connections can be recognized and structures and patterns recorded. We are able to draw conclusions from the old to the new or from the known to the unknown. "In addition, the ability to remember is part of it." (6)
Further information on the topics can be found in the link tips given below.
Tips and suggestions for promoting logical thinkingIt does not take the “big actions” to encourage and develop logical thinking in your child. In my experience, these cannot be sustained in the long term. Rather, it is important to use approaches in everyday dealings. They are sometimes on the way. We just have to pick it up. It is the simple that is sometimes not easy to do. You are in great demand here with your role model function. Children learn a lot, especially by imitating and copying. Put your trust. Your child can feel this and feel motivated and secure.
Development begins from the first second of our life
Life means constant change, because nothing is static even if it seems so. Of course, this also applies to the development of your child. It is important to be aware of this. Of course, there is no general time when you start something with your child. Every person is unique and individual. Do not compare your child with others, even if it is difficult. The important thing is to do something. Every child opens up the world, it learns all activities. Sometimes it's faster, sometimes slower. Some people forget this process a little later. How aptly Erich Kästner (1899 to 1974) had the appropriate statement ready: “Don't let childhood drive you out! Look, most of them put off their childhood like an old hat. "(7)
Even the smaller child draws logical conclusions. Here are some examples:
- When I pull the pots out of the cupboard at Mutti's, she's not happy.
- When I pull the ribbon, the loop opens.
- When I paint a picture for mom and dad, they are happy.
- When I pick meadow flowers for Grandma, she's happy.
- If I put my hand on the hot plate, I will burn my fingers.
- If I roll a five now, then I can kick the green man out.
These experiences of the children will be built upon later. Usually they are then extremely astonished when you make them aware of this.
It is important to support our children in their development path, to accompany them. This requires patience on all sides, because the path is not always straight.
Admit mistakes; they can become the mainspring of development.
The completely free play without apparent rules has a very important meaning in my opinion. It's best to do it with friends, of course.
All knowledge begins with "understanding"
One likes to reduce the meaning of this word to the spiritual level, in the sense of understanding a thing or a context. The second page is often forgotten. It includes, inter alia. touching, feeling, grasping or touching with the hands. Before switching to the spiritual level, something should be done sufficiently with the hands. The connection between heart, hand and mind plays a role here.
In practice this means, among other things:
- Laying, feeling, recognizing quantities, assigning numbers to them and turning around should be done in great detail. Things made from a wide variety of materials can be handled. (Modeling clay, wood, twigs, nuts, paper balls, pebbles ...) There are no limits to your imagination
- Feel the bark and close to the name of the tree
- Working with sensory boxes - Instructions can be found in the link tips below.
Try to assess your child's abilities as realistically as possible. This is the only way to promote it in a targeted manner. Include tips and ideas from outside people (teachers, educators, trainers, friends, ...) in your considerations. And avoid transferring your ideas completely to your child.
Perseverance is required
A certain regularity is very helpful when playing together, for example. This can be a game evening or afternoon, for example. Of course, the cell phone should be taboo at this time. The best thing to do is to put each player in a different room.
Some handicrafts, considerations or experiments simply take their time. Sometimes it is advisable to leave it all and do completely different things, for example sports activities.
Your child must also experience or learn to deal with failures. You can help him by emphasizing the positive. This indirectly gives you courage.
Trials and experiments
- Diverse trying can lead to lasting insights, especially through this practical handling. The head, heart and mind are actively involved.
- An assumption made is confirmed or negated.
- It doesn't always have to be the large and complex experiments with very special materials.
- You can find inspiration on the last two link tips.
You can try out all sorts of games with your child. Of course, you should also test them yourself or with friends. This can be, for example:
- Board games (halma, checkers, mill, chess, ...)
- Exercises in estimating, such as:
- Daycare age: how many pebbles are in my hand, how many steps does the high seat have? / The ladder in the swimming pool? How many apples are in the bowl? ...,
- School age: heights, lengths of plants, animals, width of paths, thickness of tree trunks - there are no limits to your imagination
- Find out probabilities (e.g. football pools)
- Construction games (including wooden blocks, LEGO, metal construction sets ...)
- Use the Rubik's Cube
- The plug-in cubes are versatile. It is best to get yourself a “set” of different colors. Examples: Fantasy figures, patterns are completely free or according to specifications, such as red - yellow - blue - red - ..., simple buildings, ...
- Determine the time with the Berlin clock (link tip see below) This clock can also be recreated with simple means.
- Don't exclude anything from the start.
- It is always an advantage to be open to new ideas. The motto can be: “Let's try it out. Then we notice whether it is of any use to us. "
- The relationship between the media should also be right in terms of the time they are used. Certain rules should be adhered to after consultation.
The Latin phrase “Mens sana corpere sano.” Is widely known in its translation: “A healthy mind in a healthy body.” (8) It is a shortened quotation from the “satires” of the Roman poet Juvenal (probably AD 60 . to 127 AD) In my opinion, there is only one thing to add, heed it as much as possible. It can be that simple. Some suggestions would be:
- Let your child romp around from time to time, of course within certain previously agreed rules. It can also get dirty. Your child will be happy to use such free space, also together with friends.
- Do things together; Cycling, hiking, swimming, winter sports, using educational trails suitable for children, ...
- If your child is interested in a particular sport, let them try it out. Often this can only be done organized in a club. Even if you experience that many sports may be tested. That doesn't hurt, because every single experience is important.
Link tips on the subject of "logical thinking"https://www.medien.ifi.lmu.de/lehre/ws0506/mmi1/kognitive-faehigungen-doll.xhtml
(2) Bertelsmann Universal Lexikon, Volume 4, Verlagsgruppe Bertelsmann GmbH, Gütersloh, 1990, page 194
(4) Bertelsmann Universal Lexikon, Volume 11, Verlagsgruppe Bertelsmann GmbH, Gütersloh, 1993, page 70
(7) The Erich Kästner Reader, edited by Christian Strich, Diogenes Verlag AG, Zurich, 1978, page 12
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