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Europe in the Senate Department for Integration, Labor and Social Affairs

Work and social affairs

EUROCITIES

With over 140 cities from 39 countries, EUROCITIES is the largest European city network. The work in the city network takes place in various thematic forums. The Senate Department for Integration, Labor and Social Affairs (Sen IAS) is active in the Economic Development Forum (EDF) and in the Innovation Working Group. In this context, the Sen IAS 2019 took part in the meetings of the EDF in Florence on the subject of Local innovation ecosystems and in Valladolid on the subject of the Circular Economy.

European conference on “From in-work poverty to decent work - thinking European. Acting in solidarity ”on September 25, 2019 in Berlin

At the conference on September 25, 2019, the phenomenon of in-work poverty was discussed with European experts. The current state of research with the illumination of causes and effects, also and especially against the background of digitization, played a decisive role. In addition, the perspectives of those affected were included. Above all, however, it was about finding and designing pragmatic possible solutions for overcoming in-work poverty. There are promising approaches across Europe that point the way out of working poverty. Good practice projects from Europe were identified, exchanged and further developed.
The conference documentation is available at: https://www.berlin.de/sen/arbeit/_assets/top-themen/gute-arbeit/de_dokumentation_erwerbsarmut_191216.pdf

Transparency guideline (amendment and further development of the evidence guideline)

With a submission dated December 21, 2017, the Commission submitted proposals to amend and further develop the previous Evidence Directive 91/533 / EEC. The overarching aim of the proposed directive is to promote secure and reliable employment under transparent conditions, while at the same time maintaining the adaptability of the labor market and improving the living and working conditions of employees.

The Senate Department for Integration, Labor and Social Affairs supported this proposal for a directive because it could bring about significant improvements for employees. However, the proposed directive has so far been very controversial, among other things because of the planned substantial expansion of the previous scope, a very broad definition of the term `` employee '', the first planned effective sanctions for violations and the determination of material minimum standards.

European platform to strengthen cooperation on the prevention and deterrence of undeclared work

On March 9, 2016, the European Parliament and the Council decided to set up a European platform to strengthen cooperation in the prevention and deterrence of undeclared work (Decision (EU) 2016/344). This platform is made up of high-ranking representatives of the member states, the European Commission and European social partners - in the sense of a network - and started its work on May 27, 2016.

The goals of the platform include above all
  • the pooling of the expertise already available in the member states,
  • improving cooperation between the various national authorities to combat undeclared work and illegal employment at EU level as well
  • the development of a coherent package of measures to curb undeclared work across Europe.

The federal government has promised to involve the states in the work of the platform, provided that state responsibilities are affected. So far this has not been the case.

In the course of the establishment of the European Labor Authority based in Bratislava, which began its work on October 16, 2019, the European Platform for Strengthening Cooperation in Preventing and Detering Undeclared Work will also be integrated into the European Labor Authority. According to the work program of the European Labor Authority presented in December 2019, this process should be completed by August 2021 at the latest.

In the context of the establishment of a European labor authority, the state of Berlin worked early on through the Federal Council to ensure that the authority to be set up actually served the goal of ensuring fair conditions for labor mobility.

Urban Agenda (Partnership "Jobs and Skills in the Local Economy")

The Senate Department for Integration, Labor and Social Affairs has been a member of the “Jobs and Skills in the Local Economy” partnership since 2017 - one of fourteen thematic partnerships in the EU's Urban Agenda. With the help of the urban agenda, the growth potential of cities is to be optimally used and social tasks to be dealt with more effectively. The aim is to improve European, national and regional legislation and the exchange of knowledge in the field of employment policy. By participating in the “Jobs and Skills” partnership, the Senate Department for Integration, Labor and Social Affairs wants to specifically promote cooperation for sustainable growth as well as social and economic cohesion in the cities of Europe.
In 2019/2020 three meetings of the partnership took place in Athens, Ghent and Porto.
As part of the partnership's action plan (https://ec.europa.eu/futurium/en/jobs-and-skills-in-the-local-economy/actions), the Senate Department for Integration, Labor and Social Affairs has set up an online -Platform initiated on which local actors can find out more about good practice examples from the field of digital skills in training and further education - the Digital Skills Map: https://digiskillsmap.com/. This and other results of the partnership were presented at the Cities Forum of the European Commission in Porto in January 2020.
Further information on the partnership can be found at: https://ec.europa.eu/futurium/en/jobs-and-skills-in-the-local-economy

ESF / ERDF in the social field

The Senate Department for Integration, Labor and Social Affairs supports projects that are co-financed with funds from the European Social Fund and the European Regional Development Fund.

As part of the Berlin Operational Program of the ESF for the funding period 2014-2020, the following instruments are funded:
  • Professional qualification and integration of people with disabilities (MmB, instrument 11)
    For the qualification of people with disabilities, projects are funded that support the seamless transition to regular employment, training or self-employment after the measure through suitable instruments (including cooperation with companies, binding agreements with internship companies for takeover). Coaching and socio-educational support for the participants are an integral part. The measures have different offer structures that enable both partial qualifications (modular qualification) and qualification-oriented measures with an external examination by the IHK, HWK as well as measures that enable the transition from the workshops for disabled people (WfbM) to the primary labor market. Teaching and learning methods that are flexible in terms of time and new technologies are used that are tailored to the special individual needs of the participants.
  • Civic engagement (BE, Instrument 12)
    The projects support local initiatives for the integration, in particular of people distant from the labor market. The improvement of social integration and the stabilization of disadvantaged people in their local environment should be achieved through qualification measures and the simultaneous involvement in a volunteer project. This should lead to an improvement in employability through an increase in skills (personal and professional skills).
    The projects combine the qualification of people with special support needs and the implementation of voluntary activities.
    The civic engagement should
    - Conceptually be part of the qualification measure as a bridge to the labor market or as a step towards working life;
    - Offer opportunities for social integration and active participation in the local environment.

As part of the operational program of the ERDF for the funding period 2014-2020, the sub-program “District Centers II” of the Berlin overall program “Future Initiative District II” is funded and is therefore part of an inter-departmental urban development policy. Support is given to non-investment measures that serve to combat poverty through sustainable stabilization and structural development of socially disadvantaged areas. Measures in the district management areas and the so-called five action areas of the “Action Spaces plus” initiative are a particular focus.

The sub-program District Centers II promotes neighborhood-related civic engagement as well as helping people to help themselves and aims to support cooperation and renewal processes. The aim is to further improve the living conditions of the residents in the areas mentioned and to enable or strengthen networks and partnerships. In particular, neighborhood facilities and district centers are to be created or further developed as anchor points for sustainable social stabilization in the affected areas.

Integration and Migration

EUROCITIES working group on Roma inclusion

The Senate Department for Integration, Labor and Social Affairs has been a member of the transnational EUROCITIES Task Force on Roma Inclusion (since 2017 Working group on Roma Inclusion) since 2011 and involves non-governmental organizations that are funded as part of the Berlin Action Plan for the inclusion of foreign Roma a. EUROCITIES networks the responsible bodies of the European Commission with cities and EU-wide foundations in order to enable the implementation of the European Roma policy with EU funding.
The city group, with members such as Barcelona, ​​Budapest, Gent and Gothenburg, carried out several peer reviews on the basis of a problem analysis, promoted the exchange of good practice and developed common political positions. You can find the "Statement on Roma inclusion in cities" supported by Berlin under the following link:
http://www.eurocities.eu/eurocities/documents/EUROCITIES-Statement-on-Roma-inclusion-in-cities-WSPO-A3RHTC
Furthermore, Berlin took part in the "Mapping of the situation of Roma in cities":
http://www.eurocities.eu/eurocities/documents/EUROCITIES-report-maps-the-situation-of-Roma-in-cities-in-Europe-WSPO-AS8CQ2

The main topics of the working group are the fields of work, education, health and housing as well as the fight against antiziganism. Further information on the Working Group on Roma Inclusion can be found under the following link:
http://www.eurocities.eu/eurocities/working_groups/Roma-inclusion-working-group&tpl=home

ROMACT program

Many members of the Roma ethnic minority continue to face discrimination and exclusion in Europe. Since the social integration of the Roma is a shared responsibility of all member states and the European Union, the European Commission and the Council of Europe launched the ROMACT program in 2013. The ROMACT program aims to strengthen the capacity of local authorities to develop and implement policies and public services that involve all, including those belonging to the Roma ethnic minority. The program focuses on long-term and sustainable political engagement. As part of the ROMACT T.C.C. (ROMACT Transnational Cooperation and Capacity Building), member states can apply for the following modules:
  • Module A: Intercultural Training
  • Module B: Trainings of Mediators
  • Module C: Study Visits
    The integration department successfully applied for the “Intercultural Training” module in 2017 and 2018. The trainings on the topic of "Antiziganism" were aimed in particular at employees in the regular institutions (e.g. administrations, schools, police departments, regulatory agencies) and have so far been carried out in the districts of Mitte, Reinickendorf, Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf and Treptow-Köpenick.
    More information about the ROMACT T.C.C. The program is available from the following link: http://coe-romact.org/about-romact-tcc

IT F

The project bridge - Berlin Networks for Right to Stay, which has been funded by ESF funds since 2005, supports refugees in their search for a job and apprenticeship position, catching up on school leaving certificates and finding suitable qualification offers. At the same time, the provision of advice on issues relating to residence law aims to gain access to the labor market and secure long-term residence status. bridge is an association of non-governmental organizations coordinated by the Berlin Senate Commissioner for Integration and Migration. This interface function and the close cooperation with the Berlin economy results in a broad lobby for the refugees living in Berlin and their prospects on the labor market. In addition to the "Federal ESF Integration Guideline", the bridge network is financed by the Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs and the State of Berlin.
Further information at: http://www.bridge-bleiberecht.de/

The “Berlin needs you!” Project, which has been funded by ESF funds since 2016, aims to attract more young people with a migration background to dual training, especially in the public sector and in state-owned companies. During the funding period, it carried out numerous company meetings for schoolchildren based on the systematic four-stage principle, started an integration policy campaign for more diversity in training, and initiated a pilot project that gives young people with poorer qualifications a regular chance of a qualified training position and they should help to successfully complete the training.
Further information at http://www.berlin-brauch-dich.de/index.php?id=intro

The Kumulus project, which has been funded by ESF funds since 2017, serves to provide vocational guidance to young people with a migration background, especially refugees in welcome classes, and to better convey vocational training. It offers advice for schoolchildren and their parents. In the current funding period, the focus of the project was shifted to young refugees in welcome classes in view of the strong increase in the number of refugees, especially in 2015 and 2016.
Further information at http://www.aub-berlin.de/fuer-jugendliche/kumulus/

The professional orientation and qualification requires sufficient job-related language skills. Refugees only have limited access to the federally financed standard offers. ESF funds are therefore being used to fund a total of four organizations in Berlin that offer job-related German courses for refugees in order to close the existing gap. In addition to language courses, the offer includes advice and training to facilitate integration into the labor market. Initial contact with potential employers is established through company internships. Successful placement in a job or training or suitable follow-up funding is aimed for.
Further information at https://www.zgs-consult.de/berufliche-bildung/berufsrechte-sprachfoerderung-fuer-gefluechtete

Urban Agenda (Partnership on Inclusion of Migrants and Refugees)

In June 2016, the Council of the European Union adopted the “Urban Agenda for the EU” under the Dutch Presidency. The basis for the EU urban agenda is the “Pact of Amsterdam”, which the 28 member states, EU institutions and city associations agreed on in May 2016 after a discussion process lasting several years.

The aim of the EU Urban Agenda is to strengthen the urban dimension and the integrated approach in EU policies. With this goal in mind, the EU Urban Agenda introduces a new governance model into European politics. For the first time, EU institutions (European Commission, Committee of the Regions, European Investment Bank), member states represented by their national ministries, cities and civil society are working together on an equal footing.

Twelve key topics were defined under the umbrella of the EU Urban Agenda. Working groups (“partnerships”) consisting of 15-20 actors have been formed for each priority topic.The Senate Department for Integration, Labor and Social Affairs, together with the Senate Department for Culture and Europe, is involved in the partnership for the inclusion of migrants and refugees.

In the process of drawing up the action plan, which was adopted in November 2017, the members of the partnership agreed on eight measures that can be assigned to the overall objectives of the entire urban agenda - better regulation, better financing and better knowledge transfer. The action plan can be found here: https://ec.europa.eu/futurium/en/inclusion-migrants-and-refugees/final-action-plan-partnership-inclusion-migrants-and-refugees.

In the meantime, the partnership has launched the following measures and expertise: a policy paper on the topic of unaccompanied minor refugees (Recommendations for improving the protection and social inclusion of children in migration in Europe), an expertise on ways for cities to gain access to EU funds (Recommendations for improving cities' use of and access to integration funding), the establishment of a Migrant Advisory Board, a scholarship program for young people with migration and refugee backgrounds funded by the Open Society Foundation, providing insights into administrative processes at European and local level can win and act as advisors through participatory participation.

Another project of the partnership is the “Urban Academy on Integration”, which enables administrative staff to exchange ideas on best practice. The Urban Academy is organized by the Internal Affairs Directorate-General of the EU Commission. The first Urban Academy on Integration took place on April 16-18, 2018 in Brussels on the subjects of “Integration and Education” and “Effective Cooperation with Civil Society” (https://ec.europa.eu/futurium/en/inclusion -migrants-and-refugees / was-first-edition-urban-academy-integration). The next Urban Agenda is planned for May 22nd and 23rd, 2019 and will be dedicated to the topics of accommodation and the labor market.

Further topics are strengthening the use of microloans. An expertise on the subject of "Better data" is also about to be published

The papers published so far within the framework of the partnership can be found here: https://ec.europa.eu/futurium/en/inclusion-of-migrants-and-refugees/library

The partnership was extended until the end of 2019. One of the tasks this year is to make a decision on the future of cooperation in other existing bodies and exchange forums.