What is federalism? What are the benefits
Benefits for the federal government
The Bundestag is being strengthened. In the future, he will again have sole responsibility for federal laws. The involvement of the Federal Council intended by the Basic Law is retained, but as a "co-operation". The Bundesrat continues to use the expertise of the federal states. However, the states' right of veto will be significantly reduced. This means that the Bundestag - and no longer the Mediation Committee - is once again the most important body of federal legislation.
Advantages for the countries
The responsibilities of the federal states will also be significantly strengthened. Especially in education and higher education policy, a coherent policy area is now emerging that is the responsibility of the federal states. The federal states have already played the central role there.
The exclusive state responsibility for schools is also underlined. In future, the federal government will no longer be allowed to influence state politics by granting financial aid.
The “joint task of educational planning” from the 1970s will also be abolished. Instead, the federal and state governments will cooperate in future on school policy: in determining the performance of the educational system in an international comparison (Pisa studies) and in educational reporting.
Benefits for the municipalities
The federalism reform also brings great advantages for cities, municipalities and associations of municipalities. The chronic financial overload of the municipalities is alleviated because the federal government can no longer outsource expensive tasks to the municipalities. In future, the federal states will decide which federal laws will be implemented by the municipalities. But then you also have to ensure that the municipalities are adequately financed.
Benefits to Democracy
Our democracy will benefit if the Bundestag again plays the central role in legislation in the future. And no longer the mediation committees that did not emerge directly from elections. The big political decisions are made again in parliament, that is, by the members of the parliament. It was elected by the citizen in the federal elections.
Benefits for the citizens
The citizens in particular have considerable advantages from the federalism reform. Your personal choice is worth more again. You have given a mandate for a specific policy, which is then no longer watered down by the entanglements and entanglements of the federal system. It is becoming clear to the people again who is responsible for what in the state.
Benefits for the economy
People are the most important part of the economy. Also and especially in this role they depend on an effective and efficient political order. The major state reform set in motion with the federalism reform is therefore a central component in the reform of the Deutschland AG.
The reform will strengthen the creative power and initiative of the smaller state units. The unity of the legal and economic area is not affected.
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