What is the purpose of the Hakka

9. Sustaining the Hakka Chinese Identity in Sabah: The Role of the Basel Church

tip

Access other chapters in this book by swiping

2021 | OriginalPaper | Book chapter

Abstract

Chinese emigration to Malaysia has been attributed mainly to Chinese coming as laborers to work in the various economic sectors, especially in the tin mining industry. Thus, in the discussion on their identity formation, the link to their emigration pattern and economic activities could not be separated. This paper explores the role of a Christian church, namely, the Basel Church in forging Hakka identity in Sabah by tracing the historical ties between the church, through the Basel Missionary Society of Switzerland, and the North Borneo Company, which was the first modern administrative entity that governed the state between 1881 and 1946. The chapter starts with the role of the Basel Mission in the emigration of the Chinese, particularly the Hakka to Sabah, which is then followed by a critical analysis of the means through which the Basel Church contributed to the process of shaping the Hakka identity in Sabah. Finally, the paper discusses the challenges faced by the Basel Church in sustaining its Hakka identity in the face of changes that were taking place within the Hakka community and the Chinese community at large.

Would you like to get access to this content? Then find out more about our products now:

Springer Professional "Business + Technology"

With Springer Professional "Business + Technology" you get access to:

  • above 69,000 books
  • above 500 magazines

from the following fields:

  • Automobile + engines
  • Construction + real estate
  • Business IT + informatics
  • Electrical engineering + electronics
  • Energy + environment
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + leadership
  • Marketing + sales
  • Mechanical engineering + materials
  • Insurance + risk

Try it now for 30 days free of charge.

Springer Professional "Economy"

With Springer Professional "Economy" you get access to:

  • above 58,000 books
  • above 300 magazines

from the following fields:

  • Construction + real estate
  • Business IT + informatics
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + leadership
  • Marketing + sales
  • Insurance + risk



Try it now for 30 days free of charge.

Footnotes
1234567891011121314151617181920
literature
Go back to reference Lutz, J. G., & Lutz, R. R. (2008). Hakka Chinese confront protestant Christianity, 1850-1900, with the autobiographies of eight Hakka Christians and commentary. London: M. E. Sharpe. Lutz, J. G., & Lutz, R. R. (2008). Hakka Chinese confront protestant Christianity, 1850-1900, with the autobiographies of eight Hakka Christians and commentary. London: M. E. Sharpe.
Go back to reference Tregonning, K. G. (1954, November). American activity in North Borneo, 1865–1881. The Pacific History Review, 23 (4), 357-372. Tregonning, K. G. (1954, November). American activity in North Borneo, 1865–1881. The Pacific History Review, 23 (4), 357-372.
Go back to reference Wong T. K. D. (2003b). The search for modernity: The Chinese in Sabah and English Education. In M. W. Charney, T. C. Kiong, & B. Yeoh (Eds.), Chinese migrants abroad: Cultural, educational, and social dimensions of the Chinese diaspora (pp. 145-160). Singapore: Singapore University Press & World Scientific. Wong T.K.D. (2003b). The search for modernity: The Chinese in Sabah and English Education. In M. W. Charney, T. C. Kiong, & B. Yeoh (Eds.), Chinese migrants abroad: Cultural, educational, and social dimensions of the Chinese diaspora (pp. 145-160). Singapore: Singapore University Press & World Scientific.
About this chapter
title
Sustaining the Hakka Chinese Identity in Sabah: The Role of the Basel Church
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-0650-2_9
Author:
Danny Tze Ken Wong
publishing company
Springer Singapore

premium partner

Photo credits
Pluta Logo / © Pluta, Rombach Attorneys at Law / © Rombach Attorneys at Law