Why have children's rights been violated?
"Violated numerous children's rights"
For a long time children were only seen as appendages to their parents - without their own will, without their own rights. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child has given them exactly this for 30 years. This includes: the right to personal development, the right to education and a certain standard of living or protection during war and on the run. The Federal Republic of Germany also signed the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child around 30 years ago, thereby undertaking to implement it.
But in their supplementary report to the United Nations, more than 100 civil society associations in the “National Coalition” sharply criticize the implementation of the UN conventions in this country: “The report shows that even 30 years after the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was passed, numerous children's rights are injured in Germany ", the" National Coalition "attested on Tuesday. The report to the UN places a special focus on child poverty, unequal educational opportunities and the experience of discrimination. "Despite economic growth and falling unemployment, child poverty has been rising for years," the report said. This has "serious consequences for the entire further life of children and the realization of a large number of children's rights" such as education, health but also social participation.
When analyzing the report, the report is not limited to the children themselves, but also names the origins of child poverty: "Child poverty is directly related to the poverty of the parents." The figures that the report gives are sobering in their compactness: Good According to the report, 40 percent of families with a single parent and around 30 percent of families with three children or more are considered poor, as is almost 30 percent of children with a so-called migration background.
When it comes to anti-child poverty policy, the federal government receives a bad report: When calculating social benefits for children, certain expenses are "arbitrarily" excluded. For this purpose, the standard child rates would be calculated on the basis of an already poor comparison group. "The social law subsistence level is therefore extremely tight."
Hartz IV sanctions are also explicitly criticized in the report to the UN: "A high proportion of children and young people are affected by the cuts." Because if the parents are sanctioned, the children automatically suffer too. The child's subsistence level will be "massively" undershot "if the already scarce social benefits are further reduced due to sanctions."
In April, however, the federal government referred to its efforts in its own report to the UN: It was "a central concern of the federal government that all children can grow up with an adequate standard of living." As one measure "to combat child poverty", she mentions the improved education and participation package. The "National Coalition" criticizes this as inadequate.
The managing director of the Paritätischer Gesamtverband, Ulrich Schneider, criticized the high level of child poverty in Germany identified in the report as a human rights violation: “If almost half of single parents and one third of large families have to live in poverty in this fifth-richest country in the world, that is a political violation of human rights. «Anyone who leaves children in poverty for a long period of time robs them of their childhood. The time is ripe for a basic child security. A legal right to participation must finally be anchored in the Child and Youth Welfare Act.
The deputy leader of the Greens in the Bundestag and child policy spokeswoman for the party, Katja Dörner, also said “nd”: “It does not help if the federal governments only tweak small screws in terms of benefits for children and families. If we want to consistently fight child poverty, we need basic child benefits. «This must be paid out automatically. "The report must be a wake-up call to the federal government to finally deliver here."
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