Do people know something about the Philippines

Country info: Philippines

Philippines - interesting information for children from 3.-6. School year about country and people, Manila, volcanoes, child labor, chocolate hills, islands, Filipino money and much more.


The Philippines are the fifth largest island nation in the world and belong to Asia. They are located in the Pacific Ocean in a huge earthquake zone.

they consist of 7,107 islands, of which only 800 are inhabited. Around 4,000 islands don't even have a name; only about 1,000 islands are larger than 1 km².

The islands are the tops of mountains jutting out of the sea.

The Philippines are in what is known as the “fire belt”: here there is 37 volcanoes! 21 of them break out every now and then. Mount Mayon (2,462 m) is known as the "most conical volcano in the world".

One of the greatest depths of the sea runs along the east side of the island state: the 10,540 m depth Philippines Trench.

Source: Wikipedia


Live around on the islands 109.1 million people. Most of them are Malays, the remaining descendants of the many immigrants and the Aetas.

Immigrant: Many people moved here from neighboring countries. Traders came from China, India, Indonesia and the Arab countries and stayed here. In the Middle Ages the islands were occupied by the Spaniards and over 300 years later by the Americans.

Aetas: The first inhabitants of the Philippines were the Aetas. you belong to the oldest peoples on earth.

There are more young people living in the Philippines than old people:

Philippines Germany
0-14 years old:
32 out of 100 people13 out of every 100 people
15-64 years old are:
63 out of 100 people64 of every 100 people
are older:
5 out of every 100 people23 out of every 100 people

Source: World Factbook 2020


The capital Manila is on the island of Luzon. Together with 16 other cities and municipalities, it belongs to the "Metro Manila" region. Around 13 million people live in this area.

A great attraction in Manila is the district "Intramuros" (in German: Inside the Walls). Intramuros is completely surrounded by ancient walls. In the 16th century the Spaniards occupied the Philippines. In Intramuros you can find many buildings that date back to the Spanish period - e. B. the Manila Cathedral or the Palacio del Gobernador. Inside Intramuros is also written the Fort Santiago. Besieged in 1574 3,000 Chinese pirates the fort. They conquered the city, but the next year it was recaptured by the Spaniard Juan de Salcedo.

Current weather report from Manila

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Number: World Factbook 2015

Work | Residents | Money | Geography | History | Health | Capital | Child labor | Kindernothilfe | Country name | Life expectancy | National anthem | Nature | Religion | Rice terraces | School | Language | Typhoon Hayan | Time | Volcanoes | economy

The Philippines from A to W


Every 2nd Filipino who has a job bids Services on - that is, he works z. B. in hotels, restaurants, shops or as a craftsman. Every 3rd is in agriculture busy - on the plantations of large landowners or on small arable land that he has rented. The rest work in industry.

Almost every fourth Filipino is considered poor.

So much to earn a teacher, a saleswoman, a car mechanic per year gross (gross = taxes and other charges are deducted from this sum).

Elementary school
saleswoman Automobile-
in Manila 4,794 euros2,206 euros2,675 euros
in Berlin49,878 euros21,802 euros28,841 euros

In Berlin people work average 1,769 hours a year and have 29 days of vacation.
In Manila people work average 1,951 hours a year and only have 21 days of vacation.

Lots of Filipinos Lifeabroad. They hope to make more money there. Most of them emigrated to other Asian countries; a small part to us in Europe.

Figures: World Factbook 2017/2012, UBS prices and salaries 2015

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Payment is made with Pesos - abbreviated P:

1 peso = 100 centavos (that's the name of the change)
1 peso = 0.017 euros
1 peso = 56.92 pesos
(As of October 2020, Oanda currency converter)

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The first residents were the aetas. you belong to the oldest peoples the earth.

Later people migrated from the surrounding countries a. Traders came from China, India, Indonesia and the Arab countries and stayed here.

1521 occupied the Spaniards the islands.

Over 300 years later occupied the American the Philippines.

Since 1946 are the Philippines independently - that is, they are a separate state.

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The Exhaust gases Millions of cars and factories are poisoning the air in the capital, Manila. Manila is one of the cities in the world with the highest levels of air pollution. The reasons are the traffic, the many factories, the power plants and the waste incineration.

Of each 1,000 children die 20 before they are one year old (Germany: 3 children). Nevertheless, a lot has improved here: In 1990 they died in the Philippines 44 of 1,000 children each.

Figures: World Factbook 2020, Wikipedia,

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Child labor

Child labor is in the Philippines prohibited by law. Nevertheless more than 3 million children toil there; many of them have jobs that endanger their health and even their lives.

  • More than half toil in the Agriculture: z. B. on banana, coconut, rice or tobacco plantations.
  • For every 100 children, 40 bid so-called Services on - they work e.g. For example, families work as domestic help, they sell sweets to passers-by on the street or collect glass or metal from huge garbage dumps.
  • For every 100 children 5 work in the Industry: z. B. in mining, on construction sites, deep sea fishing, making fireworks rockets.

Poor families have no choice; they have to send their children to work for the family to survive. Therefore, many child workers also have to drop out of school.


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Kindernothilfe in the Philippines

We have been helping since 1978 People in the philippines. We are currently supporting around 28,500 children and their families in 26 projects namely with employees of our partner organizations who live there and who know best where what help is needed. With them we ensure, for example, that Street children and other children from poor families can go to school. We help parents earn enough so that their children don't have to toil. Also during natural disasters we support our partners so that the families who z. B. lost everything in a heavy storm (see “Typhoon Haiyan”), get back on your feet very quickly.
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Country name

The Republic of the Philippines is called Pilipino in the local language "Republika ng Pilipinas".
Spanish sailors gave the island nation this name when it was founded in 1521 as the first European landed there. They wanted to honor the Spanish King Philip II.

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Life expectancy

In the Philippines, people get average 70 years old - 81 years in Germany.

1970 the people of the Philippines were average only 61 years old.

Figures: World Factbook 2018, United Nations

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National anthem

The Filipino national anthem has the title "Lupang Hinirang", That means in German:" Auser selected country ".

The 1st stanza reads:
Bayang magiliw, Perlas ng silanganan - o beloved land, pearl of the Orient
Alab ng puso, Sa dibdib mo’y buhay - the passion of the heart lives on in your chest.

By the way: Since October 2010 there is one in the Philippines unusual law: Anyone who sings the Natinoal anthem incorrectly has to pay the equivalent of 1,700 euros as a fine or two years in prison!


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Almost nowhere in the world is there so many different plants like in the Philippines, for example roughly 10,000 tree and shrub species and over 900 varieties of orchids.

Here flowers grow in the great outdoors, which we only know as potted flowers.

Live on the islands more butterfly species than anywhere else in the world.

Also, the Philippines is home to 850 species of birds and from 15,000 different mussels and snails.

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The Philippines are the only Asian country in which most people are Christians are, namely mostly Catholics: For every 100 people, 81 are Catholic.

The rest of the population is Protestant, Muslim or of another religion.

Number: World Factbook, latest figures from 2010

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Rice terraces

In the north of the island of Luzon are the Banaue rice terraces, which are known as "eighth wonder of the world" be valid. You look like a "Stairs to heaven". Some are 1,500 m high. Their age is estimated 2,000 to 3,000 years.

Among the most famous landmarks in the Philippines are the "Chocolate Hills" on the island of Bohol. The above 1,200 grassy hills are 30 to 50 m high. At the end of the dry season, the grass turns chocolate brown.

It's not known exactly how they came about, but people talk about it on the island following fairy tale: The giant Arogo fell in love with the girl Aloya. When Aloya died one day, Arogo wept bitterly. His tears turned to mounds and stayed behind as evidence of his deep sorrow.

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According to law all children between the ages of 6 and 12 must go to school. Out of every 100 children, only 88 go to primary school. Out of every 100 girls, only 70 go to secondary school, and only 55 out of 100 boys.

There are no school fees; Nevertheless, many children do not come to class because their parents cannot pay for their school uniform, books, notebooks and the trip to school.

Figures: United Nations 2008-2012

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There are more than 170 languages spoken. The official languages ​​are Filipino and English.

The language "Filipino" was created artificially, and this is how it came about: Most Filipinos speak Tagálog, which is why it was used in 1937 National language has been explained - the text in the picture is written in Tagálog. But there are many other languages ​​in the Philippines. Their spokesmen found it unfair that Tagálog became the national language and protested. This was followed by Tagálog with expressions from some other languages mixed. This is how “Filipino” came about in the end. You can hear what this language sounds like under "National Anthem".

The English spoken in the Philippines contains a lot of tagálog words - that's why it will "Taglisch" (Dayáglog + English) called.

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Typhoon Haiyan

On November 8, 2013 the Super typhoon "Haiyan" (Chinese word for "storm petrel") across the islands of the Philippines. A typhoon is a tropical cyclone. Haiyan is considered to be one of the strongest typhoons of all time. In the Philippines, by the way, people call him "Yolanda".

The gusts of wind reached a speed of up to 379 kilometers per hour! They destroyed everything in their way. The storm lashed waves several meters high in the coastal towns; the water then also carried away what the wind had not knocked over. More than 7,000 people died; Houses, schools, kindergartens, fishing boats, fields and coconut trees were all destroyed.

On the east coast, where the typhoon was one of the most violent ravages, Kindernothilfe supported its partners in building, repairing and renovating 23 kindergartens and 228 classrooms in 23 schools. More than 170 houses were built or made habitable again. Several thousand farming families were given vegetable seeds so that they could grow vegetables for themselves and for sale.

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The Philippines are us seven hours (Summer time: six hours) ahead:

So if it's in Germany 12 o'clock is it is there 19 o'clock.

Current time in the Philippines

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The Philippine Islands are in reality Mountain peaks, that protrude from the sea: They belong to one huge volcanic mountain rangestanding on the ocean floor. There are around 20 active volcanoes on the islands.

At 2,954 meters (above the water!) Mount Apo is on the island of Mindanao the highest mountain.

On June 15, 1991 broke after over 600 years of rest the Pinatubo volcano (1,475 m) - it was one of the largest volcanic eruptions of the 20th century.

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The Philippines have many natural resources: z. B. copper, coal, silver, gold, petroleum. The tropical climate is ideal for growing Rice, corn and fruits. The Philippines mainly export Electronics, machines and means of transport. (Exporting means: selling something to another country).

The money that is more than 10 millionFilipinos working abroadto transfer home. Most of them work in North America or in the Gulf States. Filipino women mainly work as housemaids or nannies.

Source: Wikipedia,

Category: Country information, knowledge Tags: Aetas, residents, capital, islands, child labor, country information, Manila, national anthem, pesos, Philippines, rice terraces, religion, chocolate hills, school, typhoon, volcano, volcanoes