Who was the shortest professional wrestler ever
Wrestling, also Catch, Noun, neuter. Proper name derived from the English and Irish freestyle wrestling Sports entertainment.
Despite its show character, wrestling is considered dangerous and can cause serious injuries to the actors.
In the Independent leagues, that is, in the independent wrestling scene it is also called Professional wrestling and / or as Pro wrestling designated. Wrestling is therefore a collective term for closely related entertainment systems of the same origin, which ultimately want to reach different target groups.
Wrestling is now considered a popular exhibition martial art that is particularly successful in the United States, Japan and Mexico. But there is also, for example, in the German-speaking scene Westside Xtreme Wrestling a wrestling organizer that is internationally recognized and active.
The primary target group of modern wrestling are young people between the ages of ten and thirty. Between 1990 and 2000 it was primarily aimed at an adult audience.
Within the fan base, wrestling is taking place Marks and Smart marks differentiated. The former is unclear that everything is staged in and outside the ring, the latter are fully aware of this and perceive the product wrestling as a kind of entertainment show.
Etymology, mark [edit | Edit source]
Wrestling is derived from the English word wrestling "Wrestle" from. In addition, the synonymous terms were also used in German-speaking countries for a long time Show rings and Catch widespread; The latter is derived from the term, which is also used in English catch wrestling or catch as catch can wrestling from.
In German-speaking countries, wrestling is an established term for sports entertainment, which is particularly popular in the USA, while in English-speaking countries it is between wrestling must be distinguished. There the term serves as a collective name for the subgroups amateur wrestling "Amateur wrestling" (Greco-Roman wrestling), professional wrestling "Professional rings" (Sports Entertainment) and shoot wrestling (technically based wrestling).
Wrestling in the European sense describes a mixture of sport and theater. It combines art, athletics and choreography at a high level. The Matches ("Fights") follow a previously worked out Storylinein which the outcome, and thus the winner, is already certain. Nevertheless, it is common in smaller leagues to improvise in the matches, as the course of the match is only roughly discussed. However, this is due to the fact that they do not have a large dedicated squad and are therefore forced to book guest wrestlers from outside for special events.
What they all have in common is the goal of entertaining the respective target group (audience) as best as possible. In order to achieve a certain reality in the matches (and storylines), the storylines were often with real backgrounds of the Wrestlers enriched. Basically, wrestling is a modern soap opera that is designed on a sporting basis. Until about 2000 it was common practice in all leagues to sell wrestling as "real"; there it was simply a battle between “good” and “bad”. Firmly engaged wrestlers were never allowed to leave their role privately (Gimmick) differ, a process that is now known as Kayfabe designated. The one at that time World Wrestling Federation (WWF), today's WWE, was the first wrestling organizer to drop this mask when a court came up against whether or not wrestlers had to be insured as athletes. The WWF argued that the wrestlers' insurance was not necessary as everything was discussed in the ring.
So-called Money spots include decisive ring actions, which should be captured and recorded as best as possible with the cameras, and these are discussed with the TV crew before the respective matches.
Chronicle [edit | Edit source]
1880-1900 [edit | Edit source]
Although wrestling had various forerunners whose roots go back to 1848, its history began on January 18, 1880.
In the 19th century wrestling served under the name carnival wrestling "Fairground wrestling" mainly at fairgrounds for the amusement of visitors. There the first storylines were presented to the audience, in which the respective wrestler as a "multiple champion" who would have "defended his title in hours of battles". Now the champion challenged the “bravest of the city” to a fight over three rounds: If a citizen of the city succeeded in one round against the champion, then he would pay for the drinks for the whole day. If the challenger succeeded in two rounds against the champion, then five dollars would be handed out in the form of a silver coin. But if the challenger dared to pass a third round against the champion, his reward would be ten dollars in the form of a gold coin. And this concept worked: in the 19th century, five dollars corresponded to the monthly wage of a freelance cowboy who was only offered a job on a ranch every now and then. Ten dollars, on the other hand, was the monthly wage of a cowboy with a permanent job on a ranch. In order to document the “defeatability” of the champion, he was made to lose against one of the challengers every now and then, which prompted the audience to place high bets against the champion when the (mostly already heavily drunk and completely convinced of his invincibility) Local boy appeared. However, this was processed within a very short time and the organizer of the "fight" (and thus the champion) received the now high stakes. Of course, the loser insinuated that the winner had betrayed him. Therefore, it was common among wrestlers to give their mostly physically equal challenger the gun arm Double wristlock to break and thereby prevent them from being shot by him.
However, it was also common practice at fairs to provide the challengers with “enemies” wrestlers who then helped them to victory ... all for the purpose of enticing the audience to bet high.
The first regional wrestling associations appeared around the turn of the century, and their success grew steadily in the early 20th century.
The first American title in pro-wrestling was the American Greco-Roman title, introduced on January 18, 1880, by the then editor-in-chief of the New Yorker Police Gazette, Richard Karl Fox, was launched. William Muldoon became the first champion because this one succeeded the French Theobaud Bauer in an open fight in Gilmore's Garden Although this title is officially recognized as a World title functioned, it was de facto only applicable to the United States and not to Europe. He was the "wrestling figurehead" of Police Gazettewho carried out all major wrestling events at the time.
As early as 1881 in Great Britain, with the American catch-as-catch-can title, a second title that resulted from the Tom Cannon vs Joe Acton match. Acton won and received the newly introduced title, which he transferred to the USA and only six years later in Chicago Evan Lewis lost.
1900-1935 [edit | Edit source]
In 1901, San Francisco introduced that Tag team wrestling one, in which now two wrestlers faced each other and formed a team. By the late 1920s, wrestling had become an established sport in the United States, and wrestling began to spread internationally as well, after it also became popular in Australia, Great Britain, and South Africa. In the latter, it was banned in 1934, where the reason given was that it was "too brutal and degrading".
Between 1931 and 1935, the first two major leagues were established in the Northwest in the United States, which later came under the names Jim Crockett Promotions and Capitol Wrestling Corporation became known. These two leagues were the roots of what would later become wrestling organizations World Championship Wrestling (WCW) and World Wrestling Federation (WWF). In 1935 the so-called Mud catching introduced, first for men’s wrestling and, by the end of the decade, also for women’s wrestling.
As early as the early 1930s, individual areas of the United States (and neighboring Canada) Territories formed, which were subordinate to a dominant local wrestling association, which had a permanent squad and its own titles. Most wrestling organizations were also in the National Wrestling Association (NWA), which quickly controlled around ninety percent of wrestling in the United States and Canada and was structured like a mafia.
1935-1948 [edit | Edit source]
1935 marked a turning point in the history of the then NWA by becoming the dominant promoter Tom Packs the thoughtful Paul Bowser (American Wrestling Association). But this duo quickly fell out because Packs ’did not tolerate any competition.
The Second World War (1939-1945) meant that the wrestling scene at that time was de facto inactive, as most wrestlers were drafted of military age. In the period between 1942/43 and 1948, numerous wrestling organizers joined one National Wrestling Alliance together, which initially only acted loosely. First and foremost, the new name was just an event banner of the NWA, which was also reflected in the logo: The Alliance used the logo used in the National Wrestling Association and added the name of the new association to it.
1948-1960 [edit | Edit source]
On June 13, 1948, they organized the most influential wrestling organizers into a new umbrella organization, the National Wrestling Alliancethat of the National Wrestling Association the territorial principle took over and expanded. So globally only one wrestling title should be considered a world title and that's how it was created NWA Worlds Heavyweight Wrestling Championship, the World title that is still awarded today in the NWA. First NWA World Champion became the one that all promoters valued Orville Brown.
The NWA reached its zenith, as did wrestling, in the mid-1950s: in 1957, around one hundred wrestling organizers were organized in it, which controlled around 90 percent of global wrestling. The decade 1950–1960 represented the golden age of wrestling.
The promoters began to focus on the Main Event to concentrate in order to arouse tension and interest in the relevant target group. Accordingly, one began to send nationwide well-known wrestlers through the individual territories, who worked there with local wrestlers who were equal to their skills and made them known nationwide. But television was also becoming more and more interesting for wrestling organizers, as this new medium allowed the level of awareness of their own league to be increased, and this gave them the opportunity to attract more and more attention.
From 1957 the star, and with it the influence of the National Wrestling Alliance, began to decline: in 1960 the reactivated American Wrestling Association (AWA) said itself and only a little later the World Wide Wrestling Federation (WWWF) go. Of these two, that of Verne Gagne (1926-2015) led AWA to the greatest competition of the NWA, which for a long time also formed the popularity scale of wrestling fans.
1960–1980 [edit | Edit source]
From 1963 the NWA also lost its top stars to the WWWF, which slowly began to build up its leadership role alongside the AWA.
At the end of the 1960s, the concept of the NWA was considered outdated and outdated. Above all, the show concepts of the AWA, and a little later the WWWF, were popular with the fans because they were geared towards modern times. The NWA achieved a success when it succeeded in re-integrating the WWWF in 1972. Just a year later, the WWWF rejoined the NWA and now hosted their shows under their former NWA banner Capitol Wrestling Corporation.
In 1979 the WWWF called itself World Wrestling Federation around and their new owner Vince K. McMahon began to slowly separate from the NWA and its territorial principle, in which he discovered the national cable network and the medium "video" for his purposes.
1980-1990 [edit | Edit source]
Starting in 1980, WWF began to establish itself as the national leader and expand, now starting smaller wrestling territories such as Georgia Championship Wrestling (GCW) or Smoky Mountain Wrestling (SMW) to buy up.
1987/88 the NWA consisted of only seven leagues, of which that of Jim crockett jr. guided Mid-Atlantic Championship Wrestling (MACW) was the most influential and important. Crockett sold his league to the media mogul in November 1988 Ted Turnerwho put the former Crockett promotion in the event banner NWA World Championship Wrestling (WCW) reorganized.
The WWF also started its concept Hulk Hogan who rose to become wrestling's first international superstar in the course of his career. Through targeted marketing, this advanced to become the figurehead of wrestling and made it internationally popular, in addition, merchandising articles were now also produced.
The WWE co-designed WrestleMania that show format of wrestling that with the Superbowl American football was comparable. This is where the term sports entertainment came into play for the first time, because the WWF began to not only like wrestlers but also athletes Muhammad Ali (1942–2016) or actors like Mr. T to involve.
In the course of WrestleMania, the WWF discovered the Pay-per-views as a new source of income, which became the main source of income, especially in the period 1990-2000.
1990-2000 [edit | Edit source]
The decade from 1990 to 2000 was dominated by the “big three” and is generally considered to be the “golden age”, which was de facto shaped by three wrestling organizers: After the WCW left the NWA in 1991, it was de facto dead. 1994 took place with the departure of Eastern Championship Wrestling (ECW) at the same time the exit of the last NWA league, which had a TV contract. Under the name Extreme Championship Wrestling ECW became a pioneer in terms of innovative booking, modern storylines and an icon of Hardcore wrestling. In the mid-1990s, ECW concluded cooperation agreements with what was then WWF, which ECW viewed as an unofficial "development territory" and not as serious competition. However, she allowed the ECW to do so under WWF Monday Night Raw advertisement to make pay-per-view for the first ECW.
Wrestling as such was only associated with the WCW and the WWF at that time, since with the exit of the ECW, the NWA only had seven Promoters and their leagues existed. Smaller leagues and / or umbrella organizations such as the American Wrestling Association were bought up by the WWF or went bankrupt.
The "war over the ratings" therefore denied above all the WCW and the WWF, a process that as Monday Night Wars went down in wrestling history: WCW and WWF brought their shows on Mondays at the same airtime, the names of which deliberately sounded similar. The WCW broadcast its format WCW Monday Nitro, meanwhile the competing WWF pedant WWF Monday Night Raw was called. The marketing concept was that both shows were pronounced the same in English. At their peak, both WCW and WWF show formats reached around ten million viewers, and it is a peculiarity of modern wrestling that this war between the two leagues did not follow a storyline, but was often real: audience numbers and ratings were hard cash and so tried For example, different wrestlers from the two leagues disrupt the respective show formats in order to generate quotas for their shows.
During the Monday wars, the WWF developed a new strategy for convincing the WCW audience and new viewers to switch on and attend their show formats: with the so-called Attitude Era WWF wrestlers achieved cult and legend status. The WWF now forced an adult audience, used rough gutter language and tied Blood jobs into the storylines. The system also followed the reverse conclusion that good is "bad" and bad is "good". Therefore, rule breakers like Steve Austin or the D generation X built into stars who also fought with boss Vince McMahon at the time.This concept was considered revolutionary and secured the WWF its current status.
In 1995/96, the face of the WWF began to change: in 1996, the then top star of the WWF, Bret Hart, an offer from WCW that guaranteed him around nine million US dollars for three years. However, he and Vince McMahon agreed that Hart should get a ten-year contract, although the fee would be lower. Hart kicked the SummerSlam 1997 against the Undertaker and he managed to get the WWF World Title to win.
But despite winning the title, Hart's role in the shows did not go as he expected. The WWF boss had to admit that he had taken over financially with the ten-year contract and offered Hart a move to WCW. Hart signed with WCW for three years and it was agreed on the part of McMahon and Hart that the latter would receive his title in November Survivor Series # 9 in Montreal, Canada against Shawn Michaels should defend.
However, it was explosive that this match took place in Hart's native Canada and he was considered a local hero there. In his dissolution contract with the WWF, however, he had been assured that Hart could determine the last thirty days in the WWF himself. On the day of the event, there was a confused and wild conversation between Hart and McMahon, during which Hart MacMahon wrested the agreement that he would win the match, but then hand the title back to him, Vince McMahon, so that he would win the title on Can declare vacant the following day. As a Canadian, Hart said, he could not end his WWF career as a loser in Canada.
As Hart during Michaels' match in one Sharpshooter, a hold-open, Vince McMahon appeared at the ring with some officials. According to the storyline, Hart should have freed himself and started a wild exchange of blows with Michaels, but the WWF boss left the match from a hectic refereeEarl Hebner, a close friend of Hart's. The as Montreal Screwjob incident that had become known, Michaels declared the winner via submission. Hart was furious in the ring and spat in McMahon's face. McMahon escaped from the hall and locked himself in his office as Hart was on his way to confront him. A little later there was a conversation between the two of them in the locker room, during which Hart punched the WWF boss in the eye.
In 2000, the Monday Wars ended in favor of the WWF, as both the WCW and the ECW were financially at an end. Bought in mid-March 2001 Vince McMahon this for four million US dollars and acquired from Paul Heyman the ECW, making his WWF the market leader.
2000 – today Edit source]
At the end of the 1990s and the beginning of the 2000s, wrestling changed, with more and more leagues joining the sports entertainment of the then WWF and therefore giving up traditional professional wrestling.
But in the course of the conflict between the two major leagues, WCW and WWF, wrestling associations also emerged in Europe, especially in Germany, after the League of 1973, which was established in 1999 and cooperated with the then AWA Otto Wanz (1943-2017), the Catch Wrestling Association (CWA), and which is widely recognized as the market leader in Euro catches was true. This is how the doctorates came about in Germany between 1998/99 and 2000 ACW Wrestling Entertainment (AC Weinheim) and Westside Xtreme Wrestling (wXw). In 2001 the WWF succeeded in buying up its competitors WCW and ECW and thus establishing itself as the global market leader. But the disappearance of World Championship Wrestling meant that smaller leagues increasingly joined the NWA again. In 2001 it was part of the National Wrestling Alliance of Jerry Jarrett and his sonTotal non-stop action wrestling (TNA) established that focus on Hybrid wrestling, specialized in the combination of traditional professional wrestling and modern sports entertainment. TNA saw itself as the successor league of WCW and cooperated with the family, which is strongly represented in the US media Carter. TNA was able to quickly secure those market shares in wrestling by also reaching people who no longer felt addressed by the concept of market leader and "new customers", that is, fans who were only just beginning to be interested in the product "wrestling" .
The unique selling point of the TNA at the time was that it had a hexagonal ring until the beginning of 2009 and that technical wrestling was preferred. After signing the former WWE SuperstarHulk Hogan (2009-2013) the hexagonal ring was abandoned in favor of a standard ring. But for Dixie Carter, the person who stood behind the TNA project for years, Hogan's commitment turned into a financial fiasco: The WWE star insisted on his usual million dollar pay, but only appeared sporadically and did not play a single match. After the contract with Hogan expired, TNA reintroduced the hexagonal ring at the request of its fans and renamed itself in 2017 Impact wrestling around.
Today wrestling in North America consists mostly of the leagues World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) and impact wrestling. There are also major regional leagues in Canada and Mexico. The German-speaking scene is mainly supported by wXw and New European Champions Wrestling (NEW) dominates.
There are also so-called Independent promotions, leagues that work not on a professional, but on a semi-professional level. They do not have a permanent squad for the major US leagues, but only engage their wrestlers for individual matches or for the duration of a developed storyline. The venues for this independent wrestling scene are often gyms. They market their shows on the Internet and DVDs. Declared goal of Independent wrestler is it, from the so-called Talent scouts of the big leagues to be discovered and committed: We already have this path CM punk, Colt Cabana, Matt Sydal or Samoa Joe successfully trod.
The independent scene is as diverse as wrestling as such: There are leagues that specialize in death and hardcore matches (IWA Mid-South, CZW), while others force traditional pro wrestling (Ring of Honor). RoH in particular is no longer seen as a “pure” independent promotion, but as a serious representative of WWE-inspired sports entertainment.
Wrestling principle Edit source]
Due to the fact that wrestling originally took place as a gap filler at boxing events, it is usually carried out in a five by five or six by six meter ring. In contrast to the boxing ring, from which the Wrestling ring derives, it has three instead of four ring ropes.
The actual match begins when the Referee sounds the ring bell. The original three-round principle, which was derived from catch-as-catch-can wrestling and traditional pro wrestling, was replaced by the one case (One-round principle) dropped in order to be able to offer the fans as many exciting and entertaining matches as possible. The match is won over Pinfall (Win over the shoulders) or Submission (Task), it can be finished by Count out (Counting out) and disqualification become. Cancellation by the Referee is also possible.
Modern wrestling, especially sports entertainment, only works via the so-called selling, that is, to sell the actions of the opponent to the audience for as real as possible. Exaggerated selling is also known as over selling titled that it mainly arises when two newbies with little experience of wrestling face each other. However, over-selling can be in one Gimmick be built in, like the characters Shawn Michaels and Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson showed.
First and foremost are Wrestlers all of them athletes who need to be athletic and fit. Everyone learns in their training, often in a recognized training facility like the WWE Performance Center takes place, acting skills in order to safely fill their later role in the ring and to sell them authentically to the audience. Particular value is given in the Wrestling schools on the Fall school because you can prevent numerous injuries by falling safely. In addition, they learn the basic and advanced techniques of wrestling such as arm and leg levers (armlocks, leglocks), throws and lifter. Of the professionally trained wrestlers are the so-called Backyarder to separate those who teach themselves all actions etc. via video material and thus massively endanger themselves and others.
Titles and championships Edit source]
The basic idea that wrestling is about fighting for titles goes back to the turn of the century. Since 1900, the number of diverse wrestling titles has increased, many of which boast of being one World title to be. Especially with the advent of the medium of television, the titles were considered to play a very large role and the storyline was designed around them.
Until around 1950, the titles were mostly fought out freely, before one began to acquire the title Main Event to make a show and to award it solely on the basis of "sales-related aspects". This means that the title was no longer awarded to the best wrestler in his league or division, but to the wrestler who best served the league and best reached the audience.
Well-known titles are:
- World Heavyweight Wrestling Championship (NWA Worlds Heavyweight Wrestling Championship, WCW World Heavyweight Wrestling Championship, WWE Championship, World Heavyweight Wrestling Championship (Impact Wrestling), ECW World Heavyweight Wrestling Championship)
- Minor titles by weight class (WWE World Heavyweight Championship, WWE Cruiserweight Championship,
- Gender-related titles (WWE Women's Championship, WWE Diva's Championship, Women's Championship (Impact Wrestling)),
- Gimmick titles (WWF Million Dollar Championship, FTW Heavyweight Championship, X-Division Championship (Impact Wrestling)),
- Team title (NWA World Tag Team Championship, WWE Tag Team Championship, World Tag Team Championship (Impact Wrestling), NWA World Six-Man Tag Team Championship, Knockouts Tag Team Championship (Impact Wrestling))
- Category-related titles (WWE Hardcore Championship, WWF New Japan Martial Arts Championship, ECW Championship)
- Tournament-related titles (WWE King of the Ring, WCW Battlebowl, IWA-EC Masters of Pain, IWA King of the Deathmatch)
- Regional titles (WWE United States Championship, WWE European Championship, WWE Intercontinental Championship, NWA National Heavyweight Wrestling Championship)
Dangers [edit | Edit source]
Even if all actions in and outside the ring are rehearsed, the risk of injury is still high, since wrestling is a contact sport. Therefore, warm-up and stretching exercises are necessary before the start of the match. The risk of injury is particularly high if the wrestler goes into the match unprepared. Because then muscle tears and the like are inevitable. Also, the course of the match should not be changed at the last minute, since wrestlers with little wrestling experience in particular are overwhelmed with it and may injure themselves or others through a wrong reaction.
Marketing Edit source]
The market leader WWE sets standards here and markets its products via DVDs, pay-per-views and computer games. But he's also gotten involved in the film industry. Smaller leagues market themselves and their product via the Internet and DVDs.
Creative control clause, legend contract [edit | Edit source]
Big leagues like the WWE guarantee their older and particularly successful players the so-called creative control about their character, with which they can also influence the course and outcome of the match. Dominant and veteran wrestlers who are considering leaving the relevant league will become a Legend contract offered, which on the one hand should continue to tie the wrestler in question to the "regular league", on the other hand, this legendary contract enables him to pay increased fees if he was booked by other leagues.
Events, performances Edit source]
Smaller leagues hold an event every twelve weeks, while medium-sized (and more successful) ones hold an event every eight weeks. Big leagues put on a show every four weeks, but the leagues that have a fixed TV format usually broadcast it weekly.
League directory (selection) [edit | Edit source]
|ACW Wrestling Entertainment||ACW||Germany||1998–||AC Weinheim is one of the oldest German-speaking leagues.|
|All Japan Pro Wrestling||All Japan / AJPW||Japan||1972–||AJPW was founded by Giant Baba (1938–1999), meanwhile the league today from Keiji Muto alias The Great Muta is directed. The league joins the NWA at irregular intervals.|
|American Wrestling Association||AWA||United States||1919–1935; 1960–1991||The AWA was originally founded as an Independent Promotion, which joined the National Wrestling Association in 1935. With this she became part of the National Wrestling Alliance in 1948. Due to its non-involvement in the then NWA-World-title-Storyline, the AWA declared itself reactivated in May 1960. She quickly established herself as one of the market leaders in wrestling. But wrong management led to the bankruptcy of the league in 1991, which ceded all trademark rights etc. to the WWF / WWE. Since 1996 events have been carried out again under the AWA banner, which are now called Wrestling Superstars Live! are known.|
|Asistencia Asesoría y Administración||AAA||Mexico||1992–||Was originally part of the NWA.|
|Big Japan Pro Wrestling||Big Japan / BJPW||Japan||1995–||Joins the NWA at irregular intervals in order to then map the "NWA Japan" locally.|
|Catch Wrestling Association||CWA||Germany, Austria||1973–1998||Until its dissolution, it was regarded as the figurehead of Euro-Catching in Europe and at the same time as the largest German-language doctorate that worked closely with the AWA. The CWA was headed by “Big Otto” Wanz (1943–2017) and Peter William (1935–2018).|
|CHIKARA Pro-Wrestling||CHIKARA||United States||2002–||For a long time it was an affiliated NWA association and also worked closely with the CZW.|
|Combat Zone Wrestling||CZW||United States||1999–||Hardcore and deathmatch-heavy league that was once affiliated with the NWA New Jersey. Even today, the CZW is irregularly an affiliated NWA association and organizes various title matches as part of the NWA storylines.|
|Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre||CMLL||Mexico||1933–||Today is considered one of the oldest and most famous leagues in Mexico.|
|Deep South Wrestling||DSW||United States||1986–||Was founded under the banner of NWA Deep South Wrestling as part of the NWA and was considered from 1988 as their development territory that was taken over by the WCW training facility in 1988. On September 1, 2005, the banner was reactivated by the WWE and led as part of a "Farm League". On April 18, 2007 the closure took place on the part of the WWE. The operators have been organizing again under the DSW banner since April 30, 2007.|
|European Wrestling Association||EWA||Austria||1998–||Most famous doctorate in Austria, which is led by Michael Kovac and Chris Raaber.|
|Extreme Championship Wrestling||ECW||United States||1992–2001||Hardcore-heavy league, which is called Eastern Championship Wrestling was established. 1992–1994 part of the NWA, 1994–2001 independent as Extreme Championship Wrestling. Was significantly involved in the development of "Xtreme Wrestling". Closed in 2001 for financial reasons, name and logo rights were transferred to WWE, which revived ECW as part of their brands in 2006 and continued for four years.|
|Florida Championship Wrestling||FCW||United States||2007–2012||Was founded in 2007 as the successor league of Championship Wrestling From Florida (NWA Florida) and taken over by WWE as a farm league in 2008. In 2012, the closure took place on the part of the WWE. Roster was from WWE NXT accepted.|
|German Stampede Wrestling||GSW||Germany||2001–||For a long time it was considered No. 2 in German wrestling, which worked closely with the NWA and the wXw as well as with the GWF. Was taken over by the wXw storyline on November 5th, 2011.|
|Independent Wrestling Association Mid-South||IWA-MS||United States||1996–||Founded as an affiliated association of the NWA, IWA MS saw itself as a competitor to the then ECW and CZW for a long time. There has been a cooperation with the latter since 2003.|
|International Wrestling Association||IWA||Puerto Rico||1994–||One of the most important Latin American doctorates, which was considered the development territory of the NWA from 1994 to 2001, but was also a farm league of the WWE between 1999 and 2001. Biggest competitor of World Wrestling Council.|
|International Wrestling Association Switzerland||IWA-S||Switzerland||2005-2007||Short-lived wrestling banner that only existed between 2005 and 2007 and was an official IWA MS affiliate.Also had contacts to the German wXw. Clauido Castagnoli, who is now committed as "Cesaro" in the WWE, was one of the figureheads.|
|Impact wrestling||Impact||United States||2002–||Generally considered to be the WWE's greatest competitor. Was called Nonstop total wrestling (TNA) and saw itself as a successor to WCW. Part of the NWA until 2004 and since then a member of the independent scene. 2016 briefly in Global Force Wrestling renamed, in 2017 the name was changed to the current name, which is based on the TV show of the same name.|
|Italian Championship Wrestling||ICW||Italy||2001–||Affiliated association of the National Wrestling Alliance. Was founded as an NWA affiliate and has since firmly established itself in the euro catch. Figurehead is Emilio Bernocchi.|
|Major League Wrestling||MLW||United States||2003–2004||MLW was founded as a short-lived wrestling alternative to the WWE, which also had numerous ECW wrestlers under contract. MLW lost its role as the leading independent league with the advent of RoH.|
|National Wrestling Alliance||NWA||United States||1948–||Oldest umbrella organization for wrestling, which celebrated its 70th anniversary in 2018. Its establishment leads to the internal division of that time National Wrestling Association back in the 1940s. All recognized world championship titles lead to his Worlds Heavyweight Wrestling Championship back. At its zenith (1953), the NWA controlled approximately ninety percent of US and Canadian wrestling. Today rather insignificant, but firmly established in the independent scene, the NWA has a regular audience of all ages. Your former role as market leader was transferred to the WWE.|
|New Japan Pro Wrestling||NJPW||Japan||1972–||Founded by Antonio Inoki. The league was founded by Antonio Inoki and led within the framework of the NWA, where it represented the "NWA Japan" for a long time. Membership in the NWA is only limited, however, longer-term commitments were and are not represented by NJPW.|
|Nordic Fight Club||NFC||Germany||2006–||Wrestling banner located in Northern Germany, which was founded by Karsten Kretschmer.|
|Ohio Valley Wrestling||OVW||United States||1997-||The foundation of the banner was under the name Ohio Championship Wrestling|
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