Which is the national bird of India

What is the national bird of India?

The Indian peacock, also known as the blue peafowl, is the national bird of India. It means joy, grace, love and beauty. The peacock is a large majestic bird with brightly colored and attractive feathers. It has a crest of feathers on its head, a white spot under the eye, and a long, slender neck. The birds are an important part of Indian identity and culture and are therefore protected by religious segments and parliamentary legislation.

The Indian Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 protects the Indian peafowl. The peacock has cultural significance to India, the Far East, ancient Greece and Persia, and Christianity. In Hinduism, the peacock represented the god of thunder, rain and war. The Indians believed that the rainy season would begin when the peacock decoratively spreads its tail. Due to the cultural and religious affiliation of this bird to the country, it was declared a national bird in 1963.

Habitat and distribution

The Indian peacock is native to the Indian subcontinent and is found in the lowlands of Sri Lanka and India. In South Asia it is mainly found at settings or below 1.1 miles, but on rare occasions it can be found at about 1.2 miles altitude. Its habitat consists of dry deciduous and wet forests, but they have adapted to life in cultivated, human settlements. Because they are protected by legislation and religious practices, the birds do not see humans as an imminent threat and look for junk in towns and villages. The Indian peacock was introduced to the Americas, Europe, Madagascar, Mauritius, Australia, South Africa, and Indonesia. This bird is known to be highly adaptable and can be found in harsher climates such as northern Canada. They have been sighted in the northern part of the country as far as Huntsville, Ontario.

Threats and Conservation

The Indian peacock is hunted for its beautiful feathers that are used as decorations. Poachers also hunt and kill them for meat. They are a nuisance when they live near farmland because they feed on grain and are therefore hunted or poisoned by farmers. The peacock has been given special protection due to its status as a national bird, hunting and transferring these animals is illegal. They are the least affected because of their larger numbers and widespread distribution and in the wild. Aside from the world's population, they can also be found in zoos and private parks around the world. Human interference and the destruction of the bird's natural habitat are an imminent threat that conservationists and the Indian government must address to ensure the survival of these birds.


Author: Veronica Hodges

Veronica Hodges is a 38 year old journalist. Travel specialist. Pop culture expert. Alcohol pioneer. Web nerd. Enthusiastic social media scientist.