For what reasons did the Americans vote for Trump?

The economy comes first : Why so many Americans voted for Donald Trump

It is not yet clear who won the US presidential election - incumbent Donald Trump or challenger Joe Biden. But it is already clear that the result is much tighter than predicted by election researchers.

Biden's predicted clear leadership in many contested states is no longer there. The choice is made in a few battleground states - and there the two opponents are almost tied.

This shows once again how deeply divided the USA is. Where the crack runs can be clearly seen in the post-election surveys on election day. The Washington Post published a particularly detailed analysis of this.

[The election remains exciting because of the large number of postal votes, even in the days after election day. Until November 8th Twenty / Twenty, our newsletter for the US election, is therefore published daily. You can register here for free.]

The newspaper didn't just interview people who came from voting at polling stations. It was also taken into account that postal votes played a major role on this election day - many took advantage of the opportunity not to have to go to the polling station during the corona crisis. Such voters were interviewed by telephone.

US election: which issues were decisive?

Overall, voters named the economy as the most important topic (35 percent), followed by racism (20 percent) - only in third place came the fight against pandemics (17 percent). In fourth and fifth place came the fight against crime and the health system, each with eleven percent.

The importance of the economy for voters could explain why Trump did better than expected in this election too. The 35 percent of voters for whom the economy was the most important issue voted for Trump with a large majority (82 percent). Biden, on the other hand, led the fight against Covid-19 (82 percent) and the health service (63 percent) among voters who rated racism as decisive (91 percent)

The Washington Post also asked whether fighting the pandemic should take priority over the economy. 51 percent agreed. In contrast, 42 percent said that the economy should have priority.

Here, too, there were clear differences in voting behavior: Those who wanted to fight a pandemic at the expense of the economy usually voted for Biden (81 percent). On the other hand, those who said that the economy should have priority voted for Trump (76 percent).

Us presidential election: who is the typical Trump voter?

As in 2016, a Trump voter is male, white, older, religious and without a university degree. The typical Biden voter, on the other hand, is female, person of color, young, educated and without religious affiliation.

For men, Trump is just under 49 percent ahead of Biden (48 percent). For women, on the other hand, Biden (56 percent) does significantly better than Trump (43 percent).

Whites voted for Trump with a clear majority (57 percent). Non-whites, on the other hand, voted for Biden with 72 percent. The leadership of the Democratic challenger was clearest among blacks (87 percent), and lowest among Asians (63 percent).

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Biden was also clearly ahead among the Latinos (66 percent) - but it gets interesting when you go to the state level: In the two contested states of Georgia and Florida, according to the Washington Post, Trump was able to win more citizens with roots in Latin America than in the election 2016. An effect that could have helped him, at least in Florida, to win the state over.

The majority of young people voted for Biden. Even in the 45 to 64 age group, the Democrat (50 percent) is just ahead of the Republican (49 percent). Trump only leads among the over-64s (51 percent).

Education also played a role in the voting decision. A majority of voters with college degrees voted for Biden (55 percent). Among the voters without such schooling, there was a tie between Biden and Trump (both 49 percent).

The differences in religious affiliation are also interesting. Trump led among Protestants (68 percent) and Catholics (62 percent). Evangelicals, who are often particularly conservative in the USA, are also counted among the Protestants.

It could have played a role in the good performance in these groups that Trump sided with the anti-abortionists and that he selected judges who also hold this position on his appeals to the Supreme Court. For US citizens without religious affiliation, however, Biden is 56 percent, well ahead of Trump with 36 percent.

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