How to write a research article
Help with writing an academic article
Writing an academic article
With a scientific article (English: paper) scientists publish their research results for a professional audience. Scientific articles are published not only in specialist journals, but also in conference publications, in edited volumes or collections of articles from a specialist scientific publisher in print or in electronic form.
Behind a scientific article there is either a single scientific author or a group of scientists who have researched a particular topic. Alternatively, scientific articles can also be published in popular scientific publications; here mostly specialist journalists write for a broader public or scientists prepare their research results for the broader public.
A scientific article for the professional world - if it is to be published in a specialist journal - is checked in advance by experienced specialists. One speaks here of a review. The submitted article will be examined according to strict scientific criteria and will only be included in the publication after it has been successfully passed. In the case of anthologies, the editor calls up eligible scientific authors and checks the quality of the articles they submit, in order to then publish it together with other articles in the volume if the review is positive. The respective publisher's editor who has completed a degree in the respective department can also check the quality of the scientific article in advance. It is common for several scientific articles to appear in different publications on a completed research paper.
A conference / meeting of scientists begins in advance together with the invitation of the scientific community with a call for the submission of scientific articles, a call for papers. These articles serve as a basis for discussion during the event.
In research, a certain structure of the scientific article has proven itself. The research methodology serves as a guide. At the beginning there is the essence of the research work in the so-called abstract, so that the readers can immediately find out about the main results. Only then does the actual scientific article follow. It consists of the presentation of the scientific starting point or the research gap / problem, a summary of the research literature analyzed to date, the theoretical approach conceived from it and the resulting research questions and hypotheses, the research design of the own study with a description of the methodology, the test subjects, the The course of the research, the survey and the publication of the essential results. Finally, the results are discussed and research recommendations that may be relevant in the future are presented. Of course, a scientific article must include a bibliography with all the sources mentioned. In empirical or experimental work, calculations and statistics are usually included in the body text of the scientific article.
The writing of a scientific article is structured according to the individual points mentioned here. The author draws on his completed research work. First, there is a research question that should be answered by the investigation. If necessary, this question can be differentiated into individual questions. The core of a research work are the research hypotheses, which must be formulated as precisely as possible. Research is about verifying or falsifying them through investigation. In order to achieve this, a certain approach, the research methodology, is called up, which in empirical work from a survey, in experimental work from an experiment or a certain intervention (e.g. treatment with drugs), in historical work from a source analysis or in literature work from a Literature analysis can exist. It is important to work exactly according to scientific guidelines in order to obtain results that are as verifiable as possible.
Once the results have been determined, they are presented in a differentiated and precise manner, whereby methodological problems in the course of the research or research gaps must be identified. Writing a scientific article culminates in a discussion of the results and a final conclusion, weighing various arguments against each other in order to arrive at a consistent, well-founded, and qualified final scientific finding.
The writing of a scientific article is at the end of a comprehensive and lengthy research work and represents the essential findings in a condensed form. Since scientific authors often deal with a scientific project for months or years, great attention is paid to the quality of the scientific article used. Scientists all over the world also compete for advances in knowledge in their field of research, so that the scientific article is evidence of their scientific competence.
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