Is Europe a communist continent

SHOCKED CERTAINTIES

The steep rise in energy prices led to a global recession - in the 1970s, the economic boom of the post-war years in Europe suddenly came to a standstill. New social movements are challenging the state order.

Unaffected by these economic and social upheavals, the European Community continued to work on building the internal market. Greece, Portugal and Spain had freed themselves from the yoke of their dictatorships and joined the community as new member states.

Serious structural problems weakened the communist states, which were going through a period of decline; In 1989 - 200 years after the French Revolution - these regimes were overthrown by mostly peaceful revolutions.

With the end of the Cold War, Europe had the opportunity to gradually initiate closer intergovernmental cooperation. Many of the former communist states joined the European Union, so that the number of member states of the Union doubled in a short time. The nation states agreed to give up more and more competencies in order to be able to work together more effectively at the supranational level.

The financial and euro crisis of 2008 made it clear to the member states of the European Union how closely they are connected to one another. However, the crisis also revealed weaknesses that put the solidarity of Europeans to the test.

Audio guide:

1. Shattered certainties