How has Britain benefited from its colonies

Story 3 building blocks, textbook

58 Free and dependent colony remains colony. The British Empire At the beginning of the 20th century, Britain still had great influence in its colonies and former possessions. More than a quarter of the world's population at that time lived in the British Empire. India supplied the British mother country with raw materials: tea became the English national drink and the textile industry profited from the cheap Indian cotton. Imperialism * had devastating consequences for the Indian population. The colonial rulers increased the cultivation areas for tea and cotton, the cultivation of food became less. Indian workers only received starvation wages. This resulted in 32 million starvation deaths between 1800 and 1900. Domestic textile products were only allowed to be sold to a limited extent, while British ones were not allowed to be sold. This led to the impoverishment of Indian craft businesses, while British traders and factory owners made large profits. "Many new France are creating ..." After the defeat by Prussia (1870/71), the French government feared that it might lose influence in Europe. The reputation of France was therefore to be restored through a great colonial empire. Possessions in Africa and Southeast Asia made the French colonial empire the second largest after the British. French politicians justified the conquest of African territories with the pretext of bringing "civilization *" to the underdeveloped Africans. France aspired to a colonial empire from the Atlantic to the Red Sea. To this day, French is the official language in the former colonies. France's influence on politics and the economy has remained. A B “The Race For Africa” (caricature by Linley Sambourne, weekly “Punch”, December 10, 1892) Great Britain wanted continuous possessions from Egypt to South Africa. The cartoon shows the British businessman and politician Cecil Rhodes. In his hands he holds telegraph wires as a symbol of the connection between British colonial possessions from “Cairo to Cape Town”. 1 A British colonial official lets himself be carried by his Indian servants (drawing from India, 19th century) 2 Source: “Kulturempfänger”: Nguyen Van Huyen tells (quoted from: Problèmes d'aujourd'hui, Volume 13, translated and simplified; he was a pupil of a French school in Southeast Asia, 20th century) “French colonialism has always despised the languages ​​of the peoples it masters. These languages ​​do not open doors […] They are forbidden in school. […] In order to justify its linguistic policy of oppression *, French colonialism has always tried to convince the ruled peoples that their respective language is in itself inferior. ”3 For testing purposes only - property of the publisher öbv

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