Is the governor more powerful than the president

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  • Bill Clinton, official portrait of the former US President in the White House, 1993.

    Photo credit: wikimedia; Bill Clinton.jpg; Public Domain Brand 1.0

  • Bill Clinton, the former President of the USA, gives a speech at the World Economic Forum in Davos in 2009.

    Photo credit: wikimedia; PresidentClinton2009.jpg; CC-BY-SA 2.0 DE

Bill Clinton is an American Democratic Party politician and the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001. He stands for a policy of free trade. During the eight-year presidency of the “new Kennedy” the USA experienced a phase of economic boom. However, Clinton's political career is also marked by private scandals.

  • August 19: Bill Clinton is born William Jefferson Blythe in Hope, Arkansas.

    His father, a traveling salesman, dies in a car accident a few months before his son is born.

    Clinton's mother moves to New Orleans and initially leaves the upbringing of her son to the grandparents, who run a small general store in the country.

  • Clinton's mother returns to Hope and marries car dealer Roger Clinton.

  • As a member of a student delegation from the patriotic American Legion, Clinton meets with President John F. Kennedy in Washington.

  • Graduated from Georgetown University in Washington D.C with a bachelor's degree in international relations.

    During his studies, Clinton was involved in various student associations and played the saxophone in a jazz band.

    Clinton works in the office of Senator J. William Fulbright (1905-1995).

  • Clinton receives a Rhodes Scholarship with which he goes to the University of Oxford in England.

  • Studied law at Yale University.

    After receiving his doctorate, Clinton served briefly on the Justice Committee of the House of Representatives.

  • Clinton takes on a teaching position at the University of Arkansas School of Law.

  • Clinton is running for a seat in Congress without success.

  • Marriage to Hillary Rodham (born 1947). The marriage results in a daughter, Chelsea.

  • November: After the successful election campaign for the Democratic presidential candidate Jimmy Carter (born 1924), Clinton is elected attorney general in Arkansas.

  • Clinton is elected governor of the state of Arkansas. Just two years later he had to give up the post again. The voters accuse him of "intellectual arrogance" and tax increases.

  • Joined the Wright, Lindsey, and Jennings law firm in Little Rock.

  • Clinton is Arkansas' second governor.

    Clinton represents traditional democratic beliefs and calls for more liberality and social justice.

    He advocates increased efforts in the health and education sectors.

  • Co-founder of the "Democratic Leadership Council".

  • Chairman of the National Governors Association.

  • Chairman of the "Democratic Leadership Council".

  • Clinton is running for President of the United States. In his election campaign he calls, inter alia. Tax relief for low incomes and the increase in the top tax rate. He is also committed to a tax-funded national work training program, investment aid for small and medium-sized businesses, cuts in the military budget and the drastic reduction in the American troop contingent in Europe. He also advocates extensive aid for the countries of the former Soviet Union, provided that their nuclear weapons potential is subjected to central control.

    November 3: Clinton wins the US presidential election against the Republican incumbent George Bush (born 1924) and the independent candidate Ross Perot (born 1930). The 46-year-old is the third youngest president in United States history, after Theodore Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy.

  • January 20: Clinton is sworn in as the 42nd President of the United States of America in Washington.

  • January: The entry into force of the North American Free Trade Agreement with Canada and Mexico (NAFTA) is a success for the Clinton administration.

    April 15: The GATT Final Act (General Agreement on Tarifs and Trade) is signed in Marrakech. It is considered to be the most extensive international trade agreement to date for the liberalization of world trade. The new World Trade Organization (WTO) replaces the previous GATT Secretariat. Clinton pushes through the passage of the GATT treaties against strong internal political opposition in Congress.

    July 10: Clinton arrives on a state visit to the Federal Republic of Germany. In his speech in Berlin, Clinton, like John F. Kennedy, incorporated German phrases in 1963: "America stands by your side - now and forever".

    October 26: Clinton supports the Israeli-Jordanian peace process that leads to the peace treaty between the two countries.

    December 4: On the sidelines of the CSCE Summit (Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe) in Budapest, Clinton, Russian President Boris Yeltsin and the Presidents of Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan exchange the instruments of ratification of the START I Agreement (Strategic Arms Reduction Talks / Negotiations on the reduction of strategic weapons). With this, the treaty on the reduction of nuclear weapons with a range of more than 5,500 km, which was signed in 1991, comes into force.

  • July: Clinton's efforts to normalize relations with Vietnam lead to the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries.

    Aug 11: Clinton announces cessation of all US nuclear tests.

    October 23: At their meeting in New York State, Clinton and his Russian counterpart Boris Yeltsin agree on the participation of Russian soldiers in a Bosnian peacekeeping force.

  • January 26: Hillary Clinton becomes the first US First Lady to testify under oath. She is supposed to provide information in the so-called Whitewater affair. Clinton is charged with real estate misconduct while serving as governor of Arkansas. Even if there is no evidence of a criminal offense, the affair weighs on his presidency.

    February: The trade restrictions imposed on China after the bloody suppression of the Chinese democracy movement by government troops in 1989 are lifted.

    November 5: Clinton wins the presidential election in the USA against the Republican candidate, Robert Dole (born 1923). The Republicans still hold the majority in Congress.

  • January 20: Clinton is sworn in in Washington for his second term as US President.

    March 20: The summit meeting between Russian President Yeltsin and Clinton in Helsinki ends without an agreement in the dispute over NATO's eastward expansion.

    May: Clinton travels to Mexico on an official visit. It is the first visit by a US president since 1979.

    May 27: Signing of the "Fundamental Act on Mutual Relations, Cooperation and Security between the North Atlantic Organization and the Russian Federation" in Paris.

    June: Clinton appoints a commission to advise him on racial issues. With this he hopes to be able to further reduce the racial barriers in the USA.

    July: After months of budget dispute between the government and Congress, an agreement is reached on tax cuts. The US budget has been pulled out of the red for the first time since 1969.

    October 26: The Chinese head of state and party leader Jiang Zemin (born 1926) arrives on his first state visit to the USA. At a meeting, Clinton found "fundamental differences" on human rights issues.

    December: Clinton arrives in Sarajevo on his first state visit. Shortly before, he had announced that US troops would remain stationed in Bosnia even after the Sfor mandate had ended in July 1998.

  • Jan 17: Government employee Paula Jones accuses Clinton of sexually molesting her in a hotel room in 1991. Clinton denies the charge. For the first time in US history, an incumbent president testifies under oath on his own behalf.

    Jan. 26: Clinton affirmed his affidavit that he had no extramarital affair with Monica Lewinsky (born 1973), a former White House intern. Clinton also rejects the accusation that he instigated Lewinsky with an affidavit to false testimony.

    February: The conflict over UN arms controls in Iraq, which has flared up again since October 1997, continues to weigh heavily on relations between the USA and Iraq. The UN inspectors are denied full access to the palaces of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein. The US is threatening military action. Clinton meets with United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan to discuss the situation in Iraq.

    March: Clinton becomes the first US president to travel extensively through southern Africa. As part of this trip, he announced debt relief for African reform states.

    April 2: Paula Jones' sexual harassment lawsuit against Clinton is dismissed in Arkansas federal court.

    May 13: On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Berlin Airlift, Chancellor Helmut Kohl receives Clinton on a visit to Germany.

    August 6: Monica Lewinsky reports to a commission on more than a dozen sexual contacts with the American President Clinton. In doing so, she contradicts the President's statement on January 26, in which he denied any sexual contact with her.

    August 17: Clinton admits in a televised speech that he had an "inappropriate relationship" with ex-intern Lewinsky.

    August 20: After bomb attacks on the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, the US fired cruise missiles at six suspected terrorist camps in Afghanistan in retaliation.

    September 21: In parallel to Clinton's annual address to the United Nations, the video recording of Clinton's interrogation about his relationship with Monica Lewinsky in front of the grand jury is broadcast on television worldwide. On September 11th, the investigation report by the special investigator Kenneth Starr (born 1946), in which the president is accused of perjury and obstruction of justice, was posted on the Internet.

    October 24: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (born 1949) and Palestinian President Yasser Arafat (1929-2004) sign a peace agreement in Washington on Clinton's initiative. This will restart the peace process in the Middle East, which had been blocked for almost two years.

    November 11th: Despite violent protests by the Chinese government, Clinton receives the Dalai Lama in the White House.

    November 14: Clinton agrees to an out-of-court settlement. He is then willing to pay $ 850,000 to Paula Jones if in return she withdraws her "sexual harassment" suit and waives an admission of guilt by the president.

    October 16: The US launches air strikes on Iraq. The reason for the attacks are renewed conflicts over arms controls.

  • January 7: The impeachment proceedings against Clinton begin in the US Senate. The indictment charged Clinton with perjury and obstruction of justice in connection with attempting to cover up his intimate relationship with Monica Lewinsky.

    February: Bill Clinton and Federal Chancellor Gerhard Schröder (SPD) warn Serbia against the failure of the Rambouillet negotiations and emphasize that if this happens, NATO is ready to intervene militarily.

    The US concludes a trade agreement with China. Clinton supports the agreement, which the US House of Representatives approves in 2000.

    February 12: At the end of the impeachment trial, the Senate acquitted Clinton in two separate votes on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice. Clinton then addressed the population in a televised address and apologized for his behavior in the Monica Lewinsky affair.

    October 14: The US Senate rejects ratification of the nuclear test ban treaty. This is the first time since 1920 that an important international treaty has been rejected. The treaty prohibits nuclear weapons tests in the atmosphere, in space and underground. At this point in time, the agreement had already been signed by 154 countries and ratified by 47 countries. Clinton warns of a new isolationism of the USA with sharp attacks on the Republican Senate majority.

    November: At the end of his ten-day trip to Europe, Clinton calls on Albanians and Serbs in Kosovo for reconciliation.

    December: At the World Trade Conference in Seattle, Clinton calls on developing countries to give greater consideration to workers' rights and environmental protection.

  • February: After the biggest hacker attacks on the World Wide Web to date, a conference on security issues on the Internet begins in the White House. Clinton campaigns for a national security center.

    March: Clinton concludes his six-day trip to Asia with a visit to Pakistan. He calls on the Pakistani military ruler Pervez Musharraf (born 1943) to rapidly democratize the country and to be prudent in the Kashmir conflict with India.

    March 26: Clinton and Syrian President Hafiz el Assad (1930-2000) meet in Geneva. Clinton fails to resolve important differences between Syria and Israel.

    April 11: Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak (born 1942) meets with Clinton in Washington. Clinton rates the discussion on the Middle East peace process as "encouraging" as it has given new momentum to the discussion on central issues between Israelis and Palestinians.

    June 2: During his visit to the Federal Republic of Germany, Clinton is the first US President to receive the International Charlemagne Prize from the city of Aachen. In his laudation, Chancellor Schröder paid tribute to Clinton's commitment to European integration.

    June: Clinton becomes the first US president to address the Russian parliament. He offers Russia extensive cooperation. During his three-day visit to Moscow, he met Russian President Vladimir Putin and made a private visit to former President Boris Yeltsin.

  • January: Bill Clinton hands over his office to his successor George W. Bush, who is sworn in as the 43rd President of the USA on January 20, 2001.

  • With the "Clinton Foundation" that he set up, he campaigns for the fight against AIDS and poverty as well as for climate protection and intercultural dialogue.

  • June 22nd: Clinton publishes his autobiography "My Life."

  • February 1: UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan appoints Clinton as special envoy for coordinating United Nations relief efforts in the aftermath of the tsunami in Southeast Asia.

    December 1st: Awarded the German "Bambi" media prize from Hubert Burda Medien in the "Charity" category.

 

(nc) © Foundation House of the History of the Federal Republic of Germany
Status: May 25, 2016
Text: CC BY NC SA 4.0

Recommended citation:
Chmura, Nadine: Biography Bill Clinton, in: LeMO-Biografien, Lebendiges Museum Online, Foundation House of the History of the Federal Republic of Germany,
URL: http://www.hdg.de/lemo/biografie/bill-clinton.html
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