What is reverse anti-Semitism

anti-Semitism

Stephan Bundschuh

To person

Dr. phil., born 1962; Managing Director of the Information and Documentation Center for Anti-Racism Work (IDA) e. V., Volmerswerther Str. 20, 40221 Düsseldorf.
Email: [email protected]

Educational concepts against anti-Semitism convey the ability to be multi-perspective and self-reflective and develop a differentiated approach to Jewish history and the present that is not reduced to anti-Semitism.

introduction

Anti-Semitism is expressed in a variety of ways. It expresses itself violently through attacks on Jews and attacks on Jewish institutions, it manifests itself in defamation of the Jewish religion or in resentment towards the supposed wealth of Jews. He appears hostile to the State of Israel and denies its right to exist. World conspiracy theories and denial of the Holocaust belong in his complex repertoire. In Germany, three forms of anti-Semitism can currently be distinguished: traditional anti-Semitism, which paints a stereotyped image of Jews, which is primarily fed by resentment towards an alleged superiority of Jews, and secondary anti-Semitism after the Holocaust, which is caused by the defense against guilt and memory as well as a perpetrator-victim reversal is characterized, and the current anti-Semitism, which combines anti-Semitic elements with anti-Israeli and anti-American attitudes and projects the unease about globalization onto the Jews and Israel by making them responsible for the conflicts in the world. [ 1]




There has been a dramatic increase in anti-Semitic incidents in Europe since 1989. The data published annually by the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution show that anti-Semitically motivated violence has continued to rise since 2000. According to the Office for the Protection of the Constitution for 2006, the "proportion of people with latent anti-Semitic attitudes [...] according to various social science studies is consistently up to 20 percent." . [3] According to Wilhelm Heitmeyer, traditional anti-Semitism is currently showing a slightly decreasing tendency, which, however, can quickly increase again depending on the event. [4]

Anti-Semitic attitudes are increasingly to be found among older people, with 14 to 29 year olds there are currently the least reservations. [5] But anti-Jewish swearwords and inadmissible generalizations are also the order of the day among young people, not to mention regular attacks by right-wing extremist young people on people who are believed to be "Jewish".