In what order should I buy woodworking tools

Educational wood. Learning area 1. - Tool knowledge - UVV - hand tools

Transcript

1 Learning area 1 - Tool knowledge - UVV - Hand tools

2 Table of contents: Tool knowledge learning area: - Worksheets: Woodworking tools - Tool knowledge - Memory - Area of ​​application of the hand tools - Practical exercise - "Capiert" learning software 1.2 UVV hand tools: - Training based on UVV case - Correct and incorrect handling based on practical examples The workbench learning area: - Worksheet: Components the workbench and its areas of application 2.2 Use of tools in solitaire games: - Worksheet: Sort tools in the correct order 2.3 The tree: - Worksheet: The structure of the tree - Worksheet: Drawing a deciduous tree - Worksheet: Drawing a conifer - Native wood species Learning area measuring and scribing tools : - drawing together workpieces - worksheet: measuring tools - worksheets - measuring exercises - worksheet scribing tools - worksheet - scribing exercise - practical exercise

3 Table of contents Learning area material science wood: - Worksheets: From the forest to the sawmill - Cross section of a tree trunk - Name of the board types 4.2 Wood defects: - Worksheets: Name wood defects Learning area fasteners: - Worksheets: Name fasteners - Worksheet: Machines for producing wood connections Learning area surface treatment: - Worksheet : Surface finishing agents - The polishing - Experiment - Worksheet: UVV - Dealing with hazardous substances - UVV case (warning signs, prohibition signs, mandatory signs) - "Capiert" learning software - Grinding - Repetition - Watering Learning area working with wood: - Worksheet: Shrinkage and swelling - practical attempt at shrinkage and swelling

4 woodworking tools

5 woodworking tools

6 woodworking tools

7 woodworking tools

8 woodworking tools

9 Name the different saws

10 Names of the woodworking tools Cut out the following terms and stick them in the boxes behind the pictures Klüpfel Clamping Clamp Fine Saw Backsaw Frame Saw Miter Saw Angle Chisel Grinding Blocks File Brush Screw Clamp Carpenter's Hammer Marking Measure Countersink Screwdriver Half-Round File Rasp Cleaver Plane Knot drill

11 UVV hand tools Training of the UVV for hand tools on the basis of practical examples. Demonstration of the UVV with the woodworking tools from the workbench drawer, e.g. - Correct laying down of the saw, rasp, prick, plane - Correct use of hand tools

12 Handling hand tools In order to get to know the areas of application and the handling of the various woodworking tools that are in the workbench drawer, every employee is allowed to try out the tools listed below on an exercise piece. have practical exercises carried out on a workpiece, e.g. - rasps - files with flat, half-round and round files - saws with back, fine, miter and frame saws - sanding with sanding blocks and various grits of sandpaper (P80, P120, P240)

13 What tools did we use to create the Solitaire Game project? Cut out the pictures and glue them on in the correct order

14 Name: Date: We worked with these tools in the production of our solitaire game: Glue the pictures on in the correct order

15 Sanding In order to get a high quality surface, the wood has to be sanded with sandpaper of different grains. The grain size can be read on the back of the sandpaper. 3 different grain sizes are used to sand a workpiece. Important: Always sand in the direction of the wood grain !!! When sanding, you start with the coarsest sandpaper (P80), followed by the next finer sandpaper (P120). After the wood surface has been soaked, the finest sandpaper (P240) is used. Carry out an experiment on a workpiece! Exercise / demonstrate practical exercise on the workpiece or knowledge that has already been learned

16 Task to combine pictures, assign names to pictures The following is an excerpt from the PC learning program "Capiert" of the Protective Workshops

17 Task to combine pictures, assign names to pictures The following is an excerpt from the PC learning program "Capiert" of the protective workshops

18 Task Create categories, select woodworking tools The following is an excerpt from the PC learning program "Capiert" of the Protective Workshops

19 Task to combine pictures, assign description to the correct picture The following is an excerpt from the PC learning program "Capiert" of the protective workshops

20 Task to connect pictures, assign symbols The following is an excerpt from the PC learning program "Capiert" of the protective workshops

21 Consolidation of tool knowledge Name the tools shown below

22 Learning area 2 - The workbench - The tree

23 The workbench

24 The workbench Using the individual parts of a workbench 1. Front clamp 2. Rear clamp 3. Bench hook 4. Frame 5. Shelf 6. Worktop

25 The components of the workbench Cut out the following terms and assign them to the individual numbers on the worksheet: For clamping workpieces For clamping workpieces Tool storage Substructure of the worktop Work surface for clamping on the worktop

26 Building a tree

27 The components of a tree Cut out the following terms and assign them to the individual numbers on the worksheet: the trunk the branches the branches the roots the leaves

28 Building a tree

29 I'm drawing a deciduous tree as an object of illustration at the Protective Workshop

30 I'm drawing a deciduous tree

31 I am drawing a conifer as an object of illustration at the Protective Workshop

32 I'm drawing a conifer

33 Indigenous types of wood We use some of these types of wood for our projects. Tick whether it is softwood or hardwood. Hardwood Type of wood Abbreviation deciduous tree Conifer Beech BU Oak EI Ash ES Maple AH Cherry tree KB Douglas fir DGA Pear tree BB Walnut NB Softwood Type of wood Abbreviation deciduous tree Conifer spruce FI Linden LI Fir TA Alder ER Pine KI Poplar PA

34 Which types of wood have we used in the production of our projects so far and which ones do you still know?

35 Reinforcement "The workbench" / types of wood Name the components of the workbench! Determine whether the following types of wood are hardwood or softwood! Beech Spruce Maple Fir Hardwood Softwood For the abbreviations, write the corresponding wood species FI BU EI

36 Learning area 3 - measuring and scribing tools - measuring and scribing exercises

37 Drawing workpieces together with the carpenter's mark To ensure correct assembly of a workpiece, it must be drawn together after the wood has been selected (carpenter’s mark) above left side right side below drawing together a frame

38 Drawing workpieces together with the carpenter's mark In order to ensure that a workpiece can be assembled correctly, it must be drawn together after the wood has been selected (carpenter’s mark) above left side right side below drawing together a corner joint

39 measuring tools

40 Designations of the measuring tools Cut out the following terms and stick them in the boxes next to the pictures Scale - Ruler Folding rule, triangle

41 Name: Date: use a ruler or a set square to transfer the following measurements on the lines provided: 1 cm zero point 2 cm 3 cm 4 cm 5 cm 6 cm 7 cm 8 cm 9 cm

42 Name: Date: use a ruler or a set square to transfer the following measurements onto the lines provided: 10 cm zero point 11 cm 12 cm 13 cm 14 cm 15 cm 16 cm 17 cm 18 cm

43 Name: Date: use a ruler or a set square to transfer the following measurements on the lines provided: 1.3 cm zero point 1.9 cm 2.6 cm 3.4 cm 4.1 cm 5.4 cm 6.7 cm 7.2 cm 8.8 cm

44 Name: Date: use a ruler or a set square to transfer the following measurements onto the lines provided: 1.5 cm zero point 2.5 cm 3.5 cm 4.5 cm 5.5 cm 6.5 cm 7.5 cm 8.5 cm 9.5 cm

45 Name: Date: Use a ruler or a set square to transfer the following measurements on the lines provided: 10.5 cm zero point 11.5 cm 12.5 cm 13.5 cm 14.5 cm 15.5 cm 16.5 cm 17.5 cm 18.5 cm

46 Name: Date: Use a ruler or a set square to transfer the following measurements on the lines provided: 9.4 cm zero point 10.6 cm 11.9 cm 12.1 cm 13.7 cm 14.3 cm 15.0 cm 16, 2 cm 17.9 cm

47 Scribing tools

48 Designations of the scribing tools Cut out the following terms and stick them in the boxes next to the pictures of the angle markers

49 Marking out Transfer the following measurements onto a piece of wood. The tools are freely selectable. Draw in the wood grain on the sketch: 15 mm 35 mm 60 mm 85 mm 120 mm 145 mm 18 mm 50 mm 91 mm 137 mm 145 mm

50 Consolidation Drawing workpieces together Designate the following carpenter's symbols Draw the carpenter's symbols in the frame

51 Learning area 4 - Material science - wood - wood defects

52 From the forest to the sawmill Cut out the pictures and sort them into the correct order

53 From the forest to the sawmill Affix the pictures in the correct order and describe them briefly

54 Cross-section of a tree trunk Name the board types marked 1, 2 and 3

55 Designations of the board parts Cut out the following terms and stick them in the boxes next to the pictures core board side board rind

56 Wood defects Name the wood defects shown below

57 Wood defects Name the wood defects shown below

58 Designations of wood defects Cut out the following terms and stick them in the boxes next to the pictures Diarrhea branch Blue fungus Branch Bark Resin bile Branch

59 Consolidation cross section of a tree

60 Learning area 5 - Lanyards

61 Wood fasteners Name the wood fasteners shown below

62 Wood fasteners Name the wood fasteners shown below

63 Designations of wood fasteners Cut out the following terms and stick them in the boxes next to the pictures. Glue, nail, wooden dowel, shaped spring, wood screw

64 Fixing wood fasteners Name the wood fasteners shown below

65 Learning area 6 - Surface treatment - UVV - Surface treatment agents

66 Surface finishing agents Name the surface finishing agents shown

67 Names of the surface treatment agents Cut out the following terms and stick them in the boxes under the pictures Lasur Hartöl Buntlack Beize

68 Watering In order to achieve a high quality surface after oiling, the wood must first be watered. Here the wood fibers stand up. After drying, the fibers are sanded down with a sandpaper with grain size P240. If this does not happen, the fibers stand up when the oil is first applied and a rough surface is created.

69 Polishing In order to get a shiny surface after oiling, the workpiece must be polished. This is done with a cotton swab. Important: Always polish in the direction of the wood grain !!! Carry out an experiment on a workpiece! Exercise / demonstrate practical exercise on the workpiece or knowledge that has already been learned

70 Surface treatment Surface treatment in vocational training: what is the purpose of treating wooden surfaces?

71 Sanding In order to get a high quality surface, the wood must be sanded with sandpaper of different grains. The grain size can be read on the back of the sandpaper. 3 different grain sizes are used to sand a workpiece. Important: Always sand in the direction of the wood grain !!! When sanding, you start with the coarsest sandpaper (P80), followed by the next finer sandpaper (P120). After the wood surface has been soaked, the finest sandpaper (P240) is used. Carry out an experiment on a workpiece! Exercise / demonstrate practical exercise on the workpiece or knowledge that has already been learned

72 Consolidation Polishing / Surface treatment Draw the arrow in the correct direction of polishing

73 Learning area 7 - Working with wood

74 Working with the wood Shrinkage and swelling Carry out an experiment on a workpiece! Procedure Measure the size of a piece of wood and note the size. Then place the piece of wood in a container with water and measure the size again after an hour. Here the change ("the sources") is clearly recognizable. Now place the wet piece of wood on the heater and measure the size again after about 2-3 hours. The shrinkage of the piece of wood ("the shrinkage") can now be seen.