How long does it take for cuts to heal

How long is the healing time for a laparotomy (abdominal incision)?

Most patients remain after an abdominal incision 5-10 days in the hospital. Exactly how long patients stay in the hospital depends on the surgery that was performed. Of course, the general condition of the patient also plays a major role. Approximately two weeks after the operation the sutures or staples are removed. Most patients will be for four to six weeks on sick leave. The length of the sick leave depends on the type of occupation. Wound healing is usually complete after six weeks.

After pulling the strings and if there are no concerns from a medical point of view, the patient is discharged home from inpatient treatment. The general practitioner then takes over the further treatment and initiates the subsequent notification of illness. Most patients are able to return to work within six weeks of the surgery. In rare cases, the recovery period takes longer. The cause of prolonged incapacity to work is usually impaired wound healing.

The total healing time after an abdominal incision can be several months. The scar is usually fully resilient after two months. This time frame depends on the reason and scope of the operation that was carried out. In principle, healing begins shortly after the surgical wound is closed, but is not yet stable in the first few days or weeks. A few weeks after the procedure, the patient will already feel significantly better. The healing progress can be felt and determined.

Patients may start jogging lightly after an abdominal incision at the earliest four weeks after the procedure, in consultation with the doctor. After major abdominal surgery, patients should avoid anything that requires an abdominal press (abdominal exercises, heavy lifting, strenuous physical activity) for the first two months. If after two months the healing process is normal, the load can gradually be intensified.

How can patients promote healing themselves?

The patient himself can contribute a lot to his healing. A healthy diet with plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables strengthens the immune system, which is also involved in the healing process. Therefore, a balanced diet makes sense even after an abdominal incision. Smoking should be avoided as it impairs wound healing. Consistent rest and rest in the first four weeks after the procedure favors the healing process. Returning too early to everyday life with its obligations should be avoided. Just like stress and hectic rush, this leads to unnecessary delays in the healing process.

The measures with which the patient can positively influence the healing process include, for example, physiotherapy exercises. Complete immobility, on the other hand, turns out to be counterproductive. Depending on the type and scope of the operation, the patient can begin with smaller exercises during the hospital stay and is accompanied by physiotherapy. The exercises can also be performed on bedridden patients under the guidance of a specialist.

Only when the patient feels better should he increase his activities. Regular walks get your circulation going. With a diet rich in vitamins, the immune system is activated, which promotes the healing process. It can be discussed with the family doctor whether the additional administration of a vitamin preparation is beneficial. Some patients also respond to homeopathic treatments.