Should I live in Hefei or Ningbo?
worldwide 4, geography and economics, textbook
Compare the advantages and disadvantages of China's economy “Made in China” You have certainly come across products from the PRC in your everyday life. Regardless of whether we think of cell phones, clothing or machines - goods “Made in China” have become indispensable these days. Although China is officially communist, the economy achieved a huge increase in output. This was made possible by special economic zones. These are excluded areas within a country in which foreign companies receive economic and tax advantages and can produce cheaply with little administrative effort. A good example of this is Hong Kong. China is now the country with the most exports, which has resulted in a significant increase in world trade. But imports to China are also increasing steadily. As a result, millions of jobs worldwide are dependent on whether and how China's economy develops. China's Blessing and Curse While many companies are lured by the large domestic market, China's economy must grow steadily to prevent unemployment from rising. Although the prosperity of China's population has increased, the People's Republic remains a land of spatial and social contrasts. The entire coastal region is growing rapidly, but many rural families live on agricultural products and are poor. Many are forced to work as migrant workers far away from their families and poorly paid. The special economic zones are moving more and more into the “center”, the rural areas remain “peripheral”. As a result of the high population growth in the past, the one-child policy was introduced in 1980. Families were officially only allowed to have one child. However, this led to major problems, especially in rural areas where there were many secret children. Since the family line can traditionally only be continued through male descendants, girls were often abandoned or killed after birth. In 2002 the rules were relaxed. The one-child family will continue to be promoted, but severe punitive measures have been weakened. The problems of China's population policy are becoming visible, however: there is a noticeable shortage of women and a growing number of elderly people who are impoverished and not receiving adequate care, as the number of children and grandchildren has fallen dramatically. CHINA NORTH KOREA SOUTH MONGOLE I TAIWAN VIETNAM (REP.CHINA) Seoul Pyongyang Dalian Chengdu Lanzhou Xi'an Taiyuan Jinan Qingdao Nanjing Nanchang Changsha Chongqing Taipeh Kunming Guangzhou Kaohsiung Yianguanningoang Yinhaiuanningoang Jianginhuangiung Zianginhuangiung Beijing Xining Zianginchuan Hohsiungian Ziangyuang Zianginhai Shenyang Anshan Tianjin Jinzhou Zhengzhou Shanghai Wuhan Hefei Hangzhou Nantong Ningbo Wenzhou Xianggang (Hong Kong) Aomen (Macao) Haikou Shenzhen Zhuhai Shantou Beijing Hainan H uang H e C hang J ia ng (J angtsekiang) X i J i ang Yellow Sea South China. East China Sea. Sea japan. Sea (special location and tax advantages)> 5 billion 2-5 billion 1-2 billion <1 billion no investments in the provinces in US $ special administrative zones Hong Kong and Macao (former British and Portuguese colonies) special economic zone closed locations open city inland open city in the development program “14 coastal cities” open 1 area .fh11 (width 98.5mm, height 114.66mm, 05.09.2012) # 27350 NS 9 Gym, p.116 M4 Economic centers of China M3 Foreign trade between China, the USA and the EU 2012 (in billion US $) M5 Container apartment of migrant workers M1 Shanghai M2 Port of Quingdao Hard to believe Since China has very high population pressure, the economy has to grow by 8% annually, otherwise unemployment would rise. 60 People's Republic of China - Human factor For testing purposes only - property of the publisher öbv
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