How do you stop dreaming excessively

Dreaming: Why We Dream, Dream Interpretation And More

From biblical stories about dream visions and Gregor Samsa, whom Franz Kafka wakes up “from restless dreams”, to the interpretation of dreams today: dreams have always been fascinating. Why do we dream How can you remember dreams better? And how do you manage lucid dreaming, in which one actively experiences the events of the dream? We try to answer all these questions and much more in this guide!

What are dreams Important facts

On a physical level, dreams are nothing more than electrical impulses in the brainthat can be tracked with a brain wave measurement. Research assumes that in a dream new experiences linked to existing ones become.

On the psychological level, the dream is interpreted once again as being significantly more complex ...

Dream and subconscious: why do we dream?

In the dream interpretation and psychoanalysis founded by Sigmund Freud apply Dreams as subconscious desires, Worries and fears. In the dream one can therefore symbolically live out what does not apply in reality.

Freud's theories are now considered out of date, but at the same time science has no final explanation yet found for Why we actually dream. It is only clear in which brain region the dreams arise and that in the REM phase (Rapid Eye Movement) the muscles relax, so that we do not actively carry out the movements from the dream in bed.

Guesswork about the purpose of dreaming there are definitely. First, there is the theory that we only process the events of the day in dreams. Second, it is assumed that the dream can to a certain extent "cover" other body needs such as thirst so that we do not constantly wake up at night and can completely regenerate certain neurons.

Lucid dreaming: influencing dreaming

have you ever the realization in the middle of a dream had that yourself just in sleep are located? If so, you have already dreamed lucidly! Because the so-called lucid dream - a term that goes back to Paul Tholey - is that State of being able to control the behavior in the dream and be aware of dreaming. In fact, one can learn lucid dreaming, but more on that later!

Dream a lot: is that good or bad?

“I've been dreaming so much lately” versus “I haven't dreamed in a while”: Which group would you rather assign yourself to? Whatever the answer, you can rest assured! It is neither good nor bad, dreaming a lot or little.

In the end, this assessment primarily says something about how many dreams you can remember. We remember dreams from REM sleep best, while dreams from the deep sleep phase usually literally stay in the dark:

  • The REM phase is at the bottom of any sleep cycle and the last phase before waking up.
  • The brain is only awake enough to record memories after about 3 minutes.
  • Therefore, we remember dreams from the REM phase more quickly.

If you are a very deep, consistently peaceful sleep and therefore cannot remember dreams, that does not mean that you are inherently dreamless!

While we sleep there is a dream phase about every 90 minutes; overall there are 4-6 dreams per night. We usually “dream away” for more than 2 hours a night and experience ours most intense dreams in REM sleep.

Incidentally, this is not only found in humans, but in all mammals: Comparative research has shown evidence of REM sleep in most mammals and birds. Whether animals also dream like humans during REM sleep will remain a mystery forever!

The unable to dream syndrome

What if people can't dream? That question doesn't really arise. Because every person dreams, man just simply forgets the dreams often immediately again. If this is the case on a regular basis, it could be due to stress and / or lack of sleep.

When in doubt, it is not dreaming as a process that is impaired, but rather the ability to remember. In Charcot-Wilbrand syndrome, neurological deficits prevent one from remembering dreams or, in this disease, the usual "eyesight" that one has in dreams is lost.

Can you remember dreams?

You probably know it yourself, that cozy feeling after a beautiful dream! When you don't have vague memories, but yourself actively remembering dreams you can learn it with a little patience:

  • Meditate before bed a few minutes and make an affirmation, e.g. B. "I will remember my dreams".
  • Place them Notebook and pen next to the bed
  • Perform every morning - or at night - a dream diary. Record everything that comes to mind: the time, the reason for waking up, the events of the day, ...

After a few days, you will probably be able to remember more dreams. In addition, this tactic is an essential step on the way to lucid dreaming (see below).

How long does a dream last

Some dreams seem almost infinite, others are over in no time - so how long does a dream really last? The answer: A maximum of 15-20 minutes, assuming that the dream time is roughly equate with real time is.

If you look at the clock for a few seconds in a dream, this sequence also lasts as long in (sleep) reality. The highlight: Dreams sometimes last longerbecause our brain combines several short dreams into one whole.

When do babies and infants start dreaming?

Not only adults dream as much as they can: Fetuses can already have dreams! Newborns and babies then experience it almost exclusively REM sleep, And for a good reason. Because this sleep is important for one healthy growth and thus, among other things, the development of the brain.

Overall are even around 50 percent of baby sleep is pure dream sleep. The older we get, the less the dream sleep becomes.

How do blind people dream?

We experience dreams very similarly to the sensory impressions that we perceive during the day. The cerebral cortex, which enables seeing, is at work even in dreams. So stays Vision is still the strongest impulse even during a dream - very similar to when you are awake.

So if a person cannot see during the day, are there no dreams at night? Not quite!

  • Blind people register in the dream other sensations (Hearing, touching, ...), which for sighted people play a rather secondary role in dream events.
  • Those who are blind from birth experience these impressions even more strongly.
  • Some people who are not blind from birth can still see in dreams, since the Visual impressions from the past Are "saved".

Dreaming in people with impaired vision has not yet been definitively researched. How i.a. Sleep doctor Michael Wiegand confirms, but at least one thing is certain: Everyone dreamswhether he can see or not.


Types of dreams

A basic distinction is made between Deep sleep dreams and REM phase dreams. The latter are experienced particularly intensely and are mostly the dreams that are remembered. Another difference is in passive versus active dream experiences. But that's just a first overview - what about lucid dreams and nightmares?

The lucid dream: can you learn lucid dreaming?

Yes you can! By appropriate exercises and a lot of patience you can teach yourself to be aware of dreams. The most important step for this is the aforementioned dream diary: Capture every little detail. In this way you first learn to remember dreams and, based on this, you can recognize a pattern in your dream behavior.

More tips and detailed instructions can be found in this post!

Nightmares: When bad dreams feel real

Usually looking for us Nightmares during the REM phase home. They are associated with feelings of fear or fright and can even wake us up. does this seem familiar to you? The best thing to do is to actively think about how you would deal with the threatening situation while you are awake. Imagine this scenario and thereby straighten it out.

The nightmare is common with that phenomenon Pavor Nocturnus mistaken. However, this is one Non-REM dream; one wakes up frightened or is immediately torn from the deep sleep phase. Cold sweat, a feeling of disorientation - Pavor Nocturnus brings many symptoms with it. All of this is undoubtedly uncomfortable, but fortunately not dangerous.


Dream interpretation according to Freud and the meaning of dreams

It is often said that there is a subconscious reason for every dream. So what's up with dream interpretation? What meaning do typical dream patterns like the appearance of certain people etc.?

How can one interpret dreams?

The dream interpretation essentially assumes that Events in the dream always symbolic meaning to have. These symbols should allow conclusions to be drawn about what the subconscious is currently processing.

This approach is anything but new: Even Greek philosophers ascribed the content of dreams to natural sources and were thus the forerunners of modern theories about dream interpretation. This is now world-famous thanks to the Austrian Sigmund Freud: Around 1900 Freud sponsored one popular theory, after Dream us thatAccess to unconsciously repressed conflicts enable.

Interest in modern dream research germinated at the same time Discovery of REM sleep back on. Eugene Aserinsky and Nathaniel Kleitman were able to demonstrate an increased REM phase during the dream phases in 1953.

So much for the historical outline - but what can it mean, according to dream interpretation, when we dream of death, certain people or also spiders? Let's take a closer look at a few common patterns!

Typical dreams and possible meanings

At this point it should be said: do not worry about scenarios that you experience in dreams. Dreams are never to be taken literally or figuratively - and not all dreams actually have a deeper meaning!

1. Dream about a person

Did you know that every face that appears in a dream can be seen before Has? Basically, with such a dream it always depends on who you see and what the person is doing in the dream. A (supposedly) stranger, for example, can stand for fear of the unknown, while the constantly reappearing person can symbolize recurring emotions.

2. Lose teeth in a dream

Teeth are commonly called Symbol of change interpreted. So if you lose teeth in a dream, according to the dream interpretation, this could be an indication that the lifestyle will change. Other interpretations assume that this dream image represents some kind of loss or failure.

3. Dream that someone is dying

Dreaming of death - an absolute nightmare in the literal or figurative sense? That is not necessary at all, because if one believes the dream interpretation, there is a death in the dream not a negative sign per se. Rather, such a dreamed event could be rated as food for thought that something should change or it Need to let go gives.

4. Dream about spiders

They are not necessarily the most popular animals and do occasionally crawl through our dreams: Whoever dreams of spiders, so the dream interpretation, may have Worry about exhausting things, Conflicts or heteronomy. If the spider is in motion, according to some interpretations it should even be a good sign be.

Dreams are a much discussed topic, although - or perhaps because - they have not yet been fully explored. A dream diary can be an exciting thing and help Pattern in one's own sleep behavior to recognize. But no matter whether you want to create such a book or not, all we have to say is: Dream beautiful!