What is India's first capital

Country info: India

The Indian subcontinent is a large peninsula in South Asia. Its area corresponds to about a third of the size of Europe. In the north, the huge mountain ranges of the Himalayas form a natural barrier to the rest of Asia. India borders Pakistan to the west, Tibet - currently occupied by China - to the north, Nepal and Bhutan to the east, and Bangladesh, Myanmar and the Arabian Sea to the east. The Indian Ocean is to the south and the Bengal Sea to the east.
60% of Indians work in agriculture. The most important crops are rice and grain, which primarily serve the self-sufficiency of the population. Other important plants are legumes, potatoes, onions, peanuts, soybeans, sesame seeds, rapeseed, mangoes and bananas. Tea, tobacco, coffee, cotton, sugar cane, the fiber plant jute, spices and nuts are mainly grown for sale abroad.
Although India has the most cattle in the world, meat production does not play a major role, as a large number of Indians are vegetarians.
The British had conquered the country from 1757, and India only gained independence after 1947.
India means something like Land on the river. The name refers to the great Indus.

From Berlin to the capital New Delhi it is - as the crow flies - 5781 km.


North and central India is mainly characterized by a subtropical continental climate; In the course of the year, there are sometimes considerable temperature fluctuations. In the south and in the coastal areas there is a more maritime tropical climate. The amount of precipitation in the whole country is significantly influenced by the monsoon, which begins as a southwest or summer monsoon in most parts of the country in June and brings abundant rainfall in many areas until September or October.


Taj Mahal: The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum built by Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Arjumand Bano Begum. The Taj Mahal is made from building materials that brought over 1,000 elephants from all over India and Asia to the construction site. 28 different types of precious and semi-precious stones were inserted into the marble.
Bollywood: India is a great film country. The films produced there are seen more frequently in all Asian countries than the films from the USA. The content of the films is always very similar: it's about love, about heroes, comedy, horror and anger - but in the end almost all films end with a happy ending.
Modern slavery: People in India still work without wages. They embroider pearls on fabrics, make jewelry, knot carpets, and chisel cobblestones. Often children also work without wages and that up to 14 hours a day.

Mountain railway

In 1881 the world's first mountain railway was built in India, a technical masterpiece. The British called the train Toy train - Toy train. Only through this transport option could tea from Darjeeling be brought to world markets at affordable prices.


Various types of curry with eggs, fish, meat or vegetables are popular with the Indians. Many people eat a vegetarian diet for religious reasons. Cows are sacred to the Hindus. Members of traditional families do not use cutlery, they use their right hand.
The women often eat after the men and after the guests.

plants and animals

Today only less than a fifth of the country's area is forested. As numerous clearings endanger the habitats of the animals, India's species-rich fauna is severely endangered. The government has created nature reserves to save animals (the Indian elephant, Indian rhinoceros, gaura cattle, Asiatic lion, tiger, snow leopard, musk deer, great Indian bustard, and gavial) from extinction.


At the age of six, Indian pupils enter the Primary School. Then they attend the Secondary School (with 11-15 years) and later the Senior Secondary School (with 16-17 years). After successfully completing these schools, Indians can study at university or college.
However, many children do not go to school at all because the families are too poor.


Many of the sports practiced in India have their origins in England. For example, English cricket is the most popular sport, followed by hockey and, in some parts of the country, soccer.


  • It is not uncommon on the subcontinent to burp loudly after eating. Nobody there would find that rude or offensive. Spitting out and blowing out your nose are also allowed.
  • Garbage disposal is disastrous in most places. On the train, for example, everything is simply thrown out the window, by everyone. In most places too, the garbage is thrown on the floor.
  • Yes or consent, signaled by tilting the head forwards and backwards, works differently in India: the head is tilted alternately left and right.


The orange stands for Hinduism and the green for Islam. These are the two faiths to which many Indians belong. The white is supposed to represent the desire for peace and unity. In the middle is the "wheel of the law". The wheel has exactly 24 spokes - there is one spoke for every hour of the day.