How does a communal corporation come about

What is a local authority?

The concept of the municipality is not congruent with that of the local authority. Local authorities at the local level exist in the form of local authorities and districts. Both are characterized by a citizen and factual administration. They are independent organizational units.

In addition, there are special features in individual federal states, such as the districts in Bavaria or the landscape conservation associations in North Rhine-Westphalia. They can also be assigned to the communal family. A distinction must be made between the upper municipal level and the state administrative units below the ministerial threshold, the so-called governments. The governments are purely state authorities in the federal states in which the state structure requires a middle level. Governments do not perform any municipal tasks and only establish a decentralized relationship with the ministerial executive. As mere administrative units, they do not enjoy the protection of local self-government rights. Hence, they can be called the "extended arm" of the state.

The local authorities, on the other hand, primarily perform tasks at the lower level in their own sphere of activity, which typically arise within their area and can be solved by it (more effectively and economically). The intellectual basis for this is the principle of subsidiarity: What can be solved at the municipal level should also remain there.