What do solo instruments mean

Music lexicon A-Z

 

tacet [tazet]

lat. "it is silent"; Note in the instrumental or vocal music that the voice in this movement or for the rest of the time is missing.

Tact

lat. "tactus" = blow; Combining the same or different note and rest values ​​into one unit. Individual bars are separated by vertical bar lines.

Time signature

certain note values ​​with the same beat, which mostly coincide with the basic beat.

tarantella

Italian dance in 6/8 time. Comes from southern Italy.

tardando

it. hesitating, slowing down.

Te Deum

lat. "You, God, we praise"; solemn praise and thanksgiving in the church.

tempo

lat. "tempus" = time; Speed ​​at which a piece of music is played.

Tempo rubato

it. "stolen fair value"; The expression of the piece is increased by allowing the tempo to be handled freely.

tenor

(Italian) high male voice

Tenor clef

C-clef on the 4th staff line.

tenuto

it. "held"; Tones should be kept according to their full value.

Terrace dynamics

Gradual change in volume, was used until the baroque

third

Interval within the scale between the first and third tone.

trio

Piece of music for three performers (singers).

Tetrachord

large sequence of 4 tones.

theme

(Greek) "The Law". Musical thought that recurs through various means such as repetition, imitation, inversion, etc.

Timbre

fr. Timbre; characteristic sound quality of an instrument or a voice.

Toccata

(Italian) "hit", "touch". A piece that is free and improvisational and contains many fast runs and chords.

key

Determination of the pitch type as major or minor on a certain pitch.

Tonic

First step of a scale and its triad.

scale

"Scale"; Sequence of tones in whole and semitone steps within an octave.

Clay painting

Imitating noises from nature with music - e.g. "The Moldau" or "Eroica".

tranquillo [trankwilo]

it. calm.

transpose

a piece of music is put into a different key without changing anything in the piece.

transposing instruments

Instruments that are notated differently than they sound.

Transposition

Notation or playing music in a key other than the one originally intended.

Transcription

Rewriting of a piece for a different instrument than originally intended.

trascinando [traschinando]

it. slow, hesitant.

tre corde

it. Instruction for the pianist to release the left pedal.

tremblement [tromblemoo]

fr. Trill; an ornament consisting of the main note and the upper secondary note, which alternate in rapid succession.

tremolo

it. Tremble; rapid repetition of a note or two.

triangle

lat. "triangulum" = triangle; A steel rod in the shape of a triangle, which is struck hanging freely with a metal rod to create a bright, clinking sound.

trill

Ornament; The main note and upper secondary note are quickly alternated.

trio

it. "tre" = three; Composition for three identical or different instruments.

Triplet

Group of three notes in the period of 2 of the same genre.

Triple concert

Concert for three solo instruments and orchestra.

Tritone

gr. "tritonos" = with three tones; Interval consisting of three whole tone steps (e.g. F-B in C major).

troppo

it. too much, too much.

Troubadour [trubaduur]

Provencal poet and singer, French minstrel.

turca

it. turkish, in turkish style.

tutta la forza

it. as vigorously as possible.

tutti

it. all players; Opposite to "solo".