What is mycoplasma infection
Mycoplasmosis are diseases caused by infection with mycoplasma. Mycoplasmas often lead to atypical pneumonia in school-aged children. Mycoplasma hominis causes urogenital infections in adults, which can lead to a perinatal infection of the newborn with severe respiratory symptoms and sepsis.
Mycoplasmas are gram-negative, pleomorphic bacteria without a cell wall, which have a toxic influence on the metabolism of mucosal epithelial cells and can lead to a disruption of the mucocillary clearance of the respiratory tract.
Mycoplasma salivarium, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and Mycoplasma oral cause respiratory infections. Mycoplasma hominis leads to urogenital infections in adults.
Humans are the only pathogen reservoir. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is transmitted by droplet infection, school children and young adults tend to get sick - around 20-30% of all pneumonias in this age group are caused by mycoplasma. The infections occur more frequently in the cold season. Major epidemics usually occur every 3 to 6 years.
Mycoplasma hominis is transmitted through sexual intercourse, the infection of the newborn takes place in the birth canal. The incubation period is two to three weeks.
4.1 Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection
Typically, mycoplasma pneumonia begins with flu-like symptoms:
- a headache
- Sore throat
This then leads to tracheobronchitis or central pneumonia. The auscultation findings are typically low, but the x-ray findings are all the more pronounced. A fleeting moribilliform rash occurs in approx. 10-20% of cases.
4.2 Mycoplasma hominis infection
Infection with this pathogen leads to inflammation of the urogenital tract. Transmission to the newborn takes place during birth, whereupon the newborn can develop a serious respiratory disease, including sepsis.
- X-ray examination: characteristic is the interstitial increase in markings. Perihilar and flat segmental densities as well as pleural infections can also be detected.
- Laboratory: cold agglutinins can be detected in 50% of the cases of mycoplasma infection
- Serology: The increase in IgM antibody titer is evidence of a fresh infection
- Antigen detection and DNA detection with PCR
The gold standard for treating mycoplasma infection with Mycoplasma pneumoniae is the administration of a macrolide, e.g. erythromycin or azithromycin. Urogenital infections caused by Mycoplasma hominis are treated with clindamycin or doxycycline.
- Why did Ronaldo leave Real Madrid 1
- If America fails what will happen
- AutoCAD is an IT skill
- Would someone go out with a partially disabled person
- Do we really need PCs
- Why do people hate Virgos so much
- What do psychopaths think of asexuality
- What gives obsidian stones their color
- Interstellar is nominated for the Oscars
- Is public nudity legal in Spain
- How are pictures of starving artists created
- Why does Gillian Clark no longer comment
- What are Canada's flaws
- PNP is a simple process for Canada
- What is knowledge but not understanding
- Is there an Arabic WhatsApp group
- What is special about Sri Sadhguru
- How do chemicals react to textiles
- What is the Guide to Budget Travel
- Can you use cola to purify silver?
- What if the Philippines were never colonized?
- Have Indians ever been called niggers?
- What is Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
- What is fashion communication
- What do you dislike about Hinduism
- Meghan Markle is still American
- What's the 3rd of a cup
- Is migration a serious problem
- Schools should ban uniforms
- Why is Ireland prone to Brexit?
- How many islands does India have
- What kind of people attract INTJs
- Have Indian Hindus started hating Indian Muslims
- Can aviation be sustainable