Who are the elected MPs?

MP / MP

The representatives of the citizens in a parliament are called MPs. The voters elect the deputies in an election.

In a democracy, MPs are representatives of the citizens. Members of parliament work in a parliament. The parliament can be a Landtag, the Bundestag or the European Parliament.

There is a lot to be discussed and decided in parliaments. Not all citizens can do that. That is why there are MPs.

MPs are always elected for a fixed period of time. Most of the time it's 4 or 5 years.

MPs have different tasks. The tasks are different in every parliament. However, some tasks are similar in all parliaments:
  • The MPs decide on new laws. And they can change laws that already exist.
  • MEPs give speeches in Parliament and give their opinion on important issues.
  • The MPs speak to the citizens in their constituencies.
  • MEPs work in parliamentary committees. A group of MPs examines and discusses legislative proposals in a committee. A committee is responsible for a political issue, for example health or education.
  • The MPs decide on the budget. The budget is a law that stipulates how much money can be spent on what.
Some tasks are different in parliaments:
  • The members of the Bundestag elect the Federal Chancellor.
  • The members of the state parliament elect the prime minister.
  • The MEPs in the European Parliament co-elect the President of the European Commission.
  • The members of the Bundestag control the federal government. The members of the state parliaments control the state government. The MPs check, for example, whether the government has spent the money as the parliament decided
  • The members of the European Parliament control the work of the European Commission. They also control whether the European Union adheres to the rules when it comes to spending money.


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