Why is Turkish Airlines so cheap

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fleet
Turkish Airlines currently has 131 aircraft (as of August 6, 2009). The fleet consists of different Airbus and Boeing types. The airline owns 65 Boeing aircraft and 62 Airbus planes as well as 4 A310 cargo planes.

history
Turkish Airlines was founded in May 1933 under the name Turkiye Devlet Hava Yollari (DHY). The first scheduled flight was from Istanbul to Ankara. After the Second World War, DHY bought several Douglas DC-3s, later followed by some De Havilland D.H.114 Heron 2Bs.

In 1956 there was a restructuring, with the Turkish state taking over the largest share in the company. In the course of this restructuring, the Turkish airline was given its current name. In July 1957 aircraft from the manufacturer Vickers Viscount were ordered. This type was not used on European routes until 1964 and flew to Brussels, among other places. The airline entered the jet age with a Douglas DC-9-14 in 1967.

Turkish Airlines recently ordered seven Airbus A310s. Four of them were delivered in 1985 and replaced the Boeing 707 and Boeing 727 on regional routes. In 1993, Turkish Airlines offered first class flights in an Airbus A 340-300 for the first time. In the following years the company expanded and responded to the increased competition from the so-called low-cost airlines by founding the subsidiary AnadoluJet, which is used on domestic routes.

Route network
The route network covers all continents except Australia and South America, with the most frequent destinations being in Europe and Asia. In North America, New York and Chicago are among others.

The hubs of Turkish Airlines are the two Istanbul airports Ataturk International on the European side and Sabiha Gökcen on the Asian continent, other important airports are Adnan Menderes Airport in Izmir and Esenboga Int. Airport in the capital Ankara.