What is the highest form of depression

Gradient forms

Unipolar Depression

The diagnostic criteria described characterize a depressive episode, the duration of which can vary: from a few weeks to several months. It often depends on how quickly a treatment starts. If several depressive episodes occur in the course of life, the diagnosis "recurrent (recurring) unipolar depression " posed. This is the case with the majority of those affected. Most people are completely healthy between episodes. The time between episodes can vary. There are some things you can do yourself to prevent recurrence of depressive episodes (relapse prevention).

Bipolar depression

In this disease it comes alongside the depressive episodes also to "manic episodes ". The manic phases are accompanied by an excessively good mood, often associated with a strong drive, restlessness, lack of need for sleep and also ideas about size or exaggerated optimism. These phases can then turn back into depressive phases, sometimes overnight. Rapid and consistent drug treatment is particularly important in this form of depression. Bipolar diseases are much rarer than unipolar depression.


In the case of dysthymia, the symptoms are depressive less strong pronounced, but present for a long time. Symptoms are required for diagnosis at least two years available for a long time.