What is the oldest monarchy in Europe

List of current monarchies

1 empireJapanEmperor NaruhitoThe Japanese emperor has no political power whatsoever. He performs purely representative tasks. Japan is also the oldest monarchy in the world. The Japanese emperors are called Tennō (天皇, Japanese for "Heavenly Ruler"). 33 kingdomsAntigua and Barbuda

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Parliamentary-constitutional queen Elizabeth II— Australia

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— Bahamas

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— BahrainConstitutional king Hamad ibn Isa Al KhalifaUntil 2002 emirate, since then kingdom. After the democratic reforms that began in 2000, it is now a constitutional monarchy. Barbados

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Parliamentary-constitutional queen Elizabeth II— BelgiumParliamentary king Philippe— Belize

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Parliamentary-constitutional queen Elizabeth II— BhutanConstitutional king Jigme Khesar Namgyel WangchuckBuddhist absolute monarchy from 1907 to July 18, 2008, constitutional monarchy since then. The kings of Bhutan are called Druk Gyalpo (Dzongkha for "Dragon King"). DenmarkParliamentary queen Margrethe II.The Danish monarch is also head of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. Succession to the throne has also been open to women since 1953. Grenada

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Elizabeth II— Jamaica

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— JordanConstitutional king Abdullah IIEstablished by the United Kingdom in 1921. CambodiaNorodom SihamoniSince the new constitution of 1993 monarchy again. Canada

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Parliamentary-constitutional king Elizabeth II— Kingdom of the NetherlandsParliamentary Willem-AlexanderDivided into the Netherlands with its 12 provinces and 3 special municipalities (BES islands) as well as the autonomous regions of Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten. Lesothoking Letsie III."Supreme Chief" until 1965. The king has no executive or legislative functions. MalaysiaMizan Zainal AbidinElective monarchy. Malaysia consists of thirteen federal states, including nine sultanates (see section "Subnational Monarchies"). The king is elected every five years by the country's nine sultans from among their ranks on a rotating basis. The official title of the head is Yang di-Pertuan Agong, in German "Supreme Ruler". MoroccoConstitutionalMohammed VI— New Zealand

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Parliamentary-constitutional queen Elizabeth II— NorwayParliamentary-constitutional king Harald V.Has existed since 872, several times in personal union. Independent kingdom since 1905. Since 1990, the line of succession has also been open to women. Papua New Guinea

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Parliamentary-constitutional queen Elizabeth II— Solomon Islands

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— Saudi ArabiaAbsolutely king ʿAbd Allah ibn ʿAbd al-ʿAzizIslamic monarchy. United since 1932. SwedenParliamentary Carl XVI. GustafSuccession to the throne has also been open to women since 1979. SpainFelipe VIKing of Spain since June 19, 2014 after abdication St. Kitts and Nevis

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Parliamentary-constitutional queen Elizabeth II— St. Lucia

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— St. Vincent and the Grenadines

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— SwazilandAbsolutely king Mswati III.The democratization process is ongoing. ThailandConstitutional Rama IX.Buddhist monarchy. TongaTupou VIBrother of the late King George Tupou V, as he only had one illegitimate daughter. Tuvalu

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Parliamentary-constitutional queen Elizabeth II— United KingdomThe British monarch is also head of the following crown possessions (and thus directly subordinate to the crown) or overseas territories (former crown colonies): Guernsey, Jersey, Isle of Man, Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, British Indian Ocean Territory, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar , Montserrat, Pitcairn Islands, St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands and the Turks and Caicos Islands. 1 Grand DuchyLuxembourgParliamentary Grand dukeHenri I.Ruled by the Dutch monarchs until 1890. 3 principalitiesAndorraParliamentary-constitutional Co-princes Bishop Joan Enric Vives i SicíliaAndorra is a dyarchy because it has two equal heads of state, namely the incumbent Bishop of Urgell and the current French President. Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric MacronLiechtensteinConstitutional Prince Hans Adam II.— MonacoAlbert II— 2 sultanatesBruneiAbsolutely sultan Hassanal BolkiahThe official title of the head is "Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan", in German "Supreme Ruler". OmanHaitham ibn Tariq— 3 emirates (sheikdoms)QatarAbsolutely emir Hamad bin Chalifa Al Thani— KuwaitConstitutional Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-SabahAbsolute monarchy until 1991, parliament formed between 1991 and 1996. United Arab EmiratesFederal-constitutional president Chalifa bin Zayed Al NahyanElective monarchy, consisting of 7 emirates (see section “Subnational Monarchies”). Formally, any of the seven federal emirs can be elected head of the federal government, but traditionally the current emir of Abu Dhabi is always elected. 1 sovereign territorial base of the Holy SeeVatican cityAbsolutely Pope Francis Last absolute monarchy in Europe and the only Christian theocracy in the world. The Pope is elected by cardinals with the right to vote in the conclave and, as Bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church, is ex officio monarch of the Vatican City.