What is the history of Formula 1



The history of Formula 1

1. The history of the Motorsport Grand Prix did not begin with the introduction of the Formula 1 World Championships, but much earlier. As soon as there were the first cars, there was already the first car race, which took place in 1894, the first "Grand Prix" in the modern sense as we know it today in 1906. In the interwar period, motorsport excited people just as much as it does today, those of that time Drivers were just as popular as today's champions such as B. Michael Schumacher and Fernando Alonso. Before World War II, cars with up to 1500 m³ were allowed, and at that time even a compressor was installed. After the Second World War, "Formula 1" was founded and it was decided to introduce the world championship in 1950.

2. The Alfa Romeos dominated the first world championship and won the 1947 and 1948 Grand Prix seasons. Farina and Fangio fought an exciting battle for the first Formula 1 world title until the end, but at the crucial moment Giuseppe Farina with his Alfa was ahead. Fangio had only proven himself to be world champion in the next year.

3 Over the next few years, Formula 1 attracted more and more people. More and more rules were introduced, such as: B. In 1954, new, more cost-effective rules came into force that allowed naturally aspirated engines up to 2500 cm3 or supercharged engines up to 750 cm3. Mercedes has decided to re-enter. Since racing cars and even some series vehicles had more power than the so-called premier class with its 220 hp, the rules were changed again for 1966, by doubling the cubic capacity to 3000 cm³ with a naturally aspirated engine and 1500 cm³ with a supercharged engine. Technical revolutions occurred at the end of the 1970s. Side boxes with a reversed wing profile and movable side skirts were attached, so that a laterally sealed car floor with strong downforce resulted, and thus achieved significantly higher cornering speeds. There were sometimes exaggerated cars such as the Brabham BT 46 B vacuum cleaner, but they were soon banned or no longer permitted. In 1977 Renault introduced turbo engines, with which they achieved their first victory in 1979. From 1983, the more powerful turbos finally dominated, which were able to release well over 1000 hp for a short time during training and thus displaced the suction pilots to the rear of the starting line-up. The beginning of the 1990s was marked by electronic developments such as active chassis, traction controls and ABS, with Renault having the best technology. These driving aids were banned for the 1994 season. After the 1994 season, which was full of accidents, the displacement was reduced again to 3000 cm3 from 1995, the output sank from approx. 750 to 650 hp.

4. Since the 2005 season, the units, for which the number of cylinders V10 has now been prescribed, have to endure two racing weekends without changing. Since 2005, changing tires in races has also been banned. However, this requirement posed problems for tire manufacturers and teams that ultimately escalated in the Indianapolis Grand Prix. The Michelin tires were not able to cope with the stresses that arose, especially in the steep bend, and tire defects occurred during training, which among other things led to a serious accident by Ralf Schumacher. So it came about that only the 6 drivers from Ferrari, Jordan & Minardi, whose cars were equipped with Bridgestone tires, contested the Grand Prix. Fernando Alonso, then 24 years old, won the world championship title in 2005 for the first time, making him our current world champion.

5. Just like the seven-time world champion Michael Schumacher was two years ago, Juan Manuel Fangio was the best back then. The Argentine won his first world champion title in 1951 with his Alfa Romeo and then four times in a row, namely from 1954 to 1957. Alain Prost was also a well-known driver with his four world championship titles in 1985, 86, 89 and 93 three world titles were Jack Brabham, Jackie Stewart, Niki Lauda, ​​Nelson Piquet and Ayrton Senna.

6. Michael Schumacher is the greatest Formula 1 driver of all time. He has won the most world championships with seven world championship titles and thus also has the most world championship points, with over 400 points ahead of the second Alain Prost who has 789.5 points. Schumi, as some call him, holds all other records such as B. the fastest race with an average speed of 150 mph. Most fast racing laps with 21,947 km. The fastest world championship that was already established 6 races before the end of the season. He also has the most lead kilometers with 21,947 km and at the same time the most lead laps with 4601. In 50 years, people will still talk about Michael Schumacher like we do today about Fangio or Nicki Lauda.

7. The first Formula 1 driver to die in a fatal accident was Luigi Fagioli in 1952 in a training accident at the Monaco Grand Prix. In 1953 in Buenos Aires a little boy ran onto the track, Nino Farina dodged and raced into the people standing on the track. Nothing happened to Farina, 8-16 spectators died. In 1967, Bandini had a car that caught fire and could only be rescued after four minutes, but he died three days later in the hospital. In 1976 Niki Laudas had an accident at the Nürburgring. His car caught fire, but his colleagues rescued him from the burning Ferrari. Despite severe and life-threatening burns, he had his comeback in Monza six weeks later. In 1978 in Monza, Riccardo Patrese caused a start-up crash that resulted in 10 vehicles being dismantled. Villeneuves Ferrari rose in 1982 and overturned. Villeneuve was torn out with the seat and thrown into the safety fences. He was killed instantly. In 1994, during training, the front wing of Roland Ratzenberger broke. The Austrian drove into a concrete wall at 300 km / h and died. On the 7th lap in 1994, Senna drove straight through the gravel bed and against a wall in the curve because the steering was broken. Senna could be taken to the hospital but died there. In 1997 Michael Schumacher rammed Jacques Villeneuve, who was overtaking him. Both were eliminated. Schumacher was stripped of the title of vice world champion due to unsportsmanlike conduct. In 1998 there was a pile-up at the start in Spa, in which 19 vehicles were involved. In 1999 Michael Schumacher's Ferrari failed at the Grand Prix in England. He couldn't make the curve, drove through the gravel bed into a pile of tires. The fracture of the tibia and fibula forced Schumacher to take a break of several weeks.

8. At the beginning of 1950 a Formula 1 car had around 220 hp. Today such a car weighs only 600 kilograms when fully loaded with camera, driver and gasoline, and at this low weight it has around 900 hp from a 3 liter ten cylinder engine. For comparison, a normal road car has 100 hp and weighs around 1500 kilograms. The pistons in the engine move so fast at maximum speed (around 19,000 revolutions per minute) that they cover around 40 meters per second. A new Formula 1 car accelerates from 0 to 100 km / h in around 2.5 seconds and from 0 to 200 km / h in less than 5 seconds. If a Formula 1 driver applies the brakes at 200 km / h, the car comes to a standstill after 55 meters or 1.9 seconds. The front tires have to withstand a force of 2.5 tons. For comparison, a normal car needs a braking distance of approx. 40 meters from 100 to 0.

9. The biggest records since it was founded in 1950. Let's start with the highest failure rate, which was 75.8%, that is, out of 33 drivers, only 8 made it to the finish line. Most of the pit stops of all drivers in a race were in Domingo in 1963, where they had to change tires 69 times due to the weather. Michael Schumacher had the most hat tricks (a hat trick in Formula 1 is when you have achieved pole position, victory, fastest lap in a race) with 16, followed by Jimmy Clark with 11.

10. Did you know that Formula 1 even stipulates the weight and size of the trophy. The trophy must be at least 50 cm tall and must not exceed 65 cm, it must not exceed the weight of 5 kg and must also be able to be held in the hands, but should also be transportable without the risk of damage. You probably didn't know that the freight of an F1 team weighs 31 tons and that they have to lay 500 meters of cable for each race. During a pit stop, the unbelievable number of 22 service technicians work on a car just so that it can go back to the track with new tires after about 10 seconds.

11. Ferrari is once again in the lead with 14 titles in the constructors' championship. Followed by Renault and BMW with 9 titles each and Mercedes with 8 titles. The designer points are awarded as follows: As many points as the two team drivers receive go to the designer account. This results in a score at the end of the season; the team with the most points has won.

12. There are 19 GP tracks this season. It starts with the Bahrain Grand Prix afterwards is the GP of Malaysia, Australia, San Marino, Europe, Spain, Monte Carlo, England, Canada, USA, France, Germany, Hungary, Turkey, Italy, Belgium, China, Japan and the last one is in Brazil. The complete race distance is around 300 km and you can reach a top speed of over 300 km / h on each route.

This report was sent in by the user: Meidi



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