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Bachelor of Science (B. Sc.) - Degree, Degree, Duration

This article deals with the structure of the Bachelor of Science program as well as the specialization options during the course. In addition, the possibilities of a follow-up course after the bachelor’s degree are discussed and the admission requirements for the Bachelor of Science degree programs are shown. We use practical sample courses to explain the Bachelor of Science.

Structure of the Bachelor of Science program

The Bachelor of Science degree is mainly awarded in the fields of natural sciences, engineering and economics.[1] But it is also used in the field of mathematics, medicine, agricultural, forest and nutritional sciences.[2]

The Bachelor of Science course gives the student the opportunity to tailor the course content individually after the second semester at the latest and thus achieve a certain profile. Depending on the course, you can choose between a “one-subject bachelor” or “two-subject bachelor” (major and minor). The Bachelor of Science degree ends with the bachelor thesis.[1]

In the Bachelor of Science degree, this lasts Standard period of study 6-8 semesters (3-4 years).[3] In the case of a consecutive (subsequent) full-time course followed by a master’s course, the complete standard period of study is 10 semesters or 5 years.[2]

One-subject or two-subject Bachelor of Science

In the Bachelor of Science degree, depending on the university and college offerings, you can choose between a single-subject or two-subject bachelor's degree (major + minor). However, regardless of whether a one-subject or two-subject bachelor's degree, at least 180 European Credit Transfer Points (ECTS) must be acquired in all modules including the bachelor thesis at the end of the bachelor’s degree.[4]

The illustration of the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) in combination with the required ECTS distribution in the Bachelor of Science program serves as an example of courses of study with a one-subject or two-subject bachelor's degree:[4]

Bachelor of Science: Number of ECTS in the main subjectBachelor of Science: Number of ECTS in the minor subject (NF)description
180Choice of NF is not possibleOne-subject Bachelor
16515Two-subject Bachelor
15030Two-subject Bachelor
12060Two-subject Bachelor

Modules: The modular system of the University of Stuttgart is used as an example of the module structure of the one-subject or two-subject Bachelor of Science course. The construction kit of the specialist modules contains basic, core and supplementary modules.

The key qualifications should be both subject-specific and interdisciplinary. The bachelor thesis forms the last box in both bachelor of science variants and is only written in the main subject.[5]

One-subject Bachelor of Science

Source: University of Stuttgart 2016

Two-subject Bachelor of Science

INFO: Another well-founded breakdown of major and minor subjects for the Bachelor of Science degree is given by the LMU with its examination and study regulations using the example of the Bachelor of Science degree program in Mathematics (2015).[6] To overview

Overview subject groups

In the list below, relevant subject groups for the Bachelor of Science degree from the Conference of Ministers of Education in 2003 have been determined. The focus of the subject groups in the natural sciences, engineering and economics is as follows:[2]

Subject groupDesignation bachelor's degree
Mathematics,
Natural sciences,
Medicine,
Agricultural, forest and
Nutritional science
Bachelor of Science (B. Sc.)
EconomicsBachelor of Science (B. Sc.)
EngineeringBachelor of Science (B. Sc.)

Tip: On the online portal University compass you will find extensive information about individual courses and Bachelor of Science degrees.[10] To the degree program overview

The following describes the individual Bachelor of Science courses for the subject groups listed.

Admission requirements and NC

As already mentioned for the master’s degree, some Bachelor of Science degree programs have both admission-free and admission-restricted degree programs that are filtered using the NC. Admission to a course is restricted if there are more interested parties than available places. If this is the case, a selection process will be carried out.[9] 

The focus of the selection process is generally the NC of the higher education entrance qualification ((technical) Abitur). However, there are other factors that influence the approval process. A detailed description of the selection process is illustrated by the example of the University of Hamburg.[9]

Information about the selection process using the example of the University of Hamburg

Overview of requirements

  • Abitur or university entrance qualification
  • At a few universities, an apprenticeship + work experience is sufficient
  • (sometimes) certain grade average

The universities can have different requirements for the same course with a Bachelor of Science!

Specialization in the Bachelor of Science

In the Bachelor of Science program, there is usually the option of focusing on a minor subject. For example, the University of Hamburg divides the learning focus for the Bachelor of Science into 75% on the main subject and 25% on general professional skills and the elective area. The University of Hamburg does not have its own minor in Bachelor of Science courses.[7] 

Bachelor thesis: At the end of the Bachelor of Science degree, it is mandatory to write a Bachelor thesis. The bachelor's thesis is intended to show that the student is able to independently work on a challenging topic for the selected course of study according to scientific guidelines and methods within a given period of time.

Depending on the educational institute, the processing time for the bachelor thesis is different. At the LMU, a processing period of a maximum of 10 weeks is specified for the Bachelor of Science degree.[6]

A minimum of 6 and a maximum of 12 ECTS points must be credited for the bachelor thesis.[2] For the credit point system it should be noted that 25-30 hours of working time are calculated for a credit point. This calculation basis applies not only to the Bachelor thesis, but also to all modules in the Bachelor of Science course.[8]

Degree programs with a Bachelor of Science

The master’s degree is usually the postgraduate or follow-up course to the bachelor’s degree. Once you have successfully passed a Bachelor of Science degree, you can enroll in a master’s degree or apply for a master’s degree with restricted access.

The master’s degree can, but does not necessarily have to be, area-specific building on the bachelor’s degree, but can also be started in a new field of study. However, in some master’s courses there is a capacity limit for study places and therefore an access restriction through an entrance examination or a correspondingly good numerus clausus (NC).[2]

Follow-up studies after the B. Sc.

The master’s degree is usually the postgraduate or follow-up course to the bachelor’s degree. Once you have successfully passed a Bachelor of Science degree, you can enroll in a master’s degree or apply for a master’s degree with restricted access.

The master’s degree can, but does not necessarily have to be, area-specific building on the bachelor’s degree, but can also be started in a new field of study. However, in some master’s courses there is a capacity limit for the study places and therefore an access restriction via an entrance examination or a correspondingly good numerus clausus (NC).[2]

Examples of degree programs

Now that you have read a lot about the Bachelor of Science, you would definitely like to find out more about individual courses. You can be sure that the structure of the following courses and the content of the lessons differ greatly, but that the value of the degree is always the same.

Study psychology with a Bachelor of Science (B.-Sc.) Degree

The psychology course deals with the analysis and explanation of behavior and experience. From this, suggestions for action for the examined organisms in their environment are formed. The psychology course is to be presented here based on the course at the University of Konstanz. There you can complete your psychology studies with a Bachelor of Science.

You can find everything about the content, structure, entry requirements and career opportunities when studying psychology as a Bachelor of Science in our article: Study psychology as a Bachelor of Science

Mathematics studies with a Bachelor of Science (B.-Sc.) Degree

At the Mathematical Institute of the LMU, for example, basic research is carried out in key areas of mathematics. The focus is on the following: mathematical logic, financial mathematics, stochastics, topology and (differential) geometry, mathematical physics and numerics, algebraic geometry and analysis.

At the beginning of the Bachelor of Science degree in mathematics, students are introduced to technical fundamentals before they expand their knowledge in their own areas of interest.[11]

Go directly to the LMU Mathematics course (B. Sc.)

Biology studies with a Bachelor of Science (B.-Sc.) Degree

The subject group of the natural sciences is presented by the degree course in Biology with a Bachelor of Science degree (B. Sc.) At the University of Hamburg.[12]

The Bachelor of Science course in biology conveys the basics of natural science in biology as well as in the related sciences of physics, chemistry, mathematics and geosciences. In addition, as a biology student, you will be introduced to the sub-areas of biology such as systematics and evolution, morphology, cell and developmental biology, microbiology, genetics and molecular biology or the physiology and ecology of bacteria, animals and plants.

Do you need more information? Then take a look at the Bachelor of Science course on the University of Hamburg's website: Biology (B. Sc.)

Study of nutritional sciences with a Bachelor of Science (B.-Sc.) Degree

The Bachelor of Science degree in nutritional sciences is illustrated using the example of the degree program at the University of Giessen.[14]Nutritional science is generally a field that deals with the study of human nutrition in connection with all relevant aspects.

This nutritional science course focuses on the nutritional-physiological relationships in human nutrition, i.e. the effects of food ingredients on complex regulatory mechanisms in the human body. In this context, biochemical processes in the entire organism are examined, consumer and nutritional behavior is researched and the composition and mode of action of food ingredients are analyzed.

Even more information such as requirements, NC, course plan, etc. here: Nutritional Sciences (B. Sc.)

Civil engineering studies with a Bachelor of Science (B.-Sc.) Degree

The subject group engineering sciences is presented with the degree course civil engineering with degree Bachelor of Science (B. Sc.) Of the Technical University of Berlin.[15]

The civil engineering course conveys scientific principles across the entire spectrum of civil engineering. The students acquire initial skills in the design and construction of complex structures, in general civil engineering methods, in infrastructure and overarching management, in geotechnical engineering and water management. Feedback to the neighboring disciplines of transport, economics, architecture, process, environmental, social and planning sciences as well as international aspects are taken into account. [15]

Go directly to the course: Civil Engineering (B. Sc.)

References

1. University of Stuttgart, information on the Bachelor of Science degree, accessed on February 3, 2016.

2nd Conference of Ministers of Education, Common State Structural Specifications for the Accreditation of Bachelor and Master Degree Programs - Resolution of October 10, 2003 in the version of February 4, 2010, accessed on January 29, 2016.

3. Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Federal Government Report on the Implementation of the Bologna Process (PDF), accessed on January 30, 2016.

4. Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, the bachelor's degree at the LMU (PDF), accessed on 02.02.2016.

5. University of Stuttgart, structure of the Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Arts (PDF), accessed on 02.02.2016.

6. Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, LMU examination and study regulations for the Bachelor's degree in Mathematics (2015) (PDF), accessed on 02.02.2016.

7. University of Hamburg, Bachelor and Master courses, accessed on 02.02.2016.

8. European Commission, European System for the Transfer and Accumulation of Study Achievements (ECTS), accessed on March 31, 2016.

9. University of Hamburg, information on the NC, accessed on February 3, 2016.

10. University compass, getting to know study areas, accessed on February 3, 2016.

11. Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Mathematics (Bachelor), accessed on February 3, 2016.

12. University of Hamburg, Biology (B. Sc.), Accessed on February 3, 2016.

13. University of Duisburg-Essen, medical technology course (B. Sc.), Accessed on February 3, 2016.

14. University of Giessen, degree program: Bachelor of Science (B. Sc.): Nutritional Sciences, accessed on February 3, 2016.

15. Technical University of Berlin, Civil Engineering (B. Sc.) Course, accessed on February 3, 2016.

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